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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics according to Plasmodium spp.

From: Malaria in pregnancy complications in Southern Venezuela

Characteristics Total, n = 52 P. vivax, n = 37 P. falciparum, n = 6 Mixed infection, n = 9 p-valuea
  Median (min–max)  
Age (years) 22 (15–39) 20 (15–39) 29 (20–31) 25 (17–39) 0.07
Number of pregnancies 3 (1–12) 2 (1–8) 4 (1–5) 3 (1–12) 0.006b
Gestational age (weeks) 31 (8–40) 31 (8–40) 32 (16–40) 27 (8–40) 0.85
Number of controls 4 (0–9) 4 (0–9) 4 (0–6) 3 (0–8) 0.87
Previous malaria (number of episodes)c 2 (1–33) 2 (1–30) 3 (1–33) 2 (1–30) 0.96c
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) p-valued
Occupation
 Housewife 35 (67.3) 27 (73) 3 (50) 5 (55.6) 0.4
 Merchant 6 (11.5) 3 (8.1) 1 (16.7) 2 (22.2) 0.27
 Mineworker 6 (11.5) 4 (10.8) 2 (33.3) 0.14
  1. ap-value using Kruskal–Wallis test
  2. bp-value using median test, pairwise comparisons showed significant differences between P. vivax and P. falciparum (p = 0.018)
  3. cNumber of previous episodes was available only for 27 women, p-value using median test
  4. dp-value using Fisher’s exact test