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Table 2 Paraclinical findings in pregnant women with malaria

From: Malaria in pregnancy complications in Southern Venezuela

Laboratory parameters Plasmodium spp. p-valuea
Total, n = 52 P. vivax, n = 37 P. falciparum, n = 6 Mixed infection, n = 9  
  Median (min–max)  
Haemoglobin (g/dL) (n = 52) 9.0 (4–13) 10 (5–13) 7 (5–11) 7.0 (4–10) 0.032b
Haematocrit (%) (n = 52) 28 (12–39) 30 (14–39) 21 (15–34) 26 (12–33) 0.1
Platelets (×103/µL) (n = 51) 222 (93–381) 214 (93–305) 246 (144–298) 238 (170–381) 0.24
Leukocytes (×103/µL) (n = 21) 9.0 (3.8–24.8) 9.4 (3.8–24.8) 6.6 (5.4–14.3) 9.00 (5–13.4) 0.43
Glycaemia (mg/dL) (n = 28) 78 (54–126) 80 (66–126) 84 (68–95) 73 (54–88) 0.63c
Urea (mg/dL) (n = 36) 18 (9–52) 17 (11–52) 16.8 (9–25) 22 (15–28) 0.5c
Creatinine (mg/dL) (n = 36) 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 0.6 (0.5–0.8) 0.7 (0.5–1) 1c
AST (mg/dL) (n = 13) 33 (12–79) 32 (12–45) 46 (18–79) 0.28d
ALT (mg/dL) (n = 13) 18 (10–84) 17 (10–28) 31 (13–84) 0.1d
Total bilirubin (mg/dL) (n = 14) 1.1 (0.4–2.5) 1.3 (0.4–2) 0.9 (0.4–2.5) 0.98d
  1. ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase
  2. ap-value using Kruskal–Wallis test
  3. bPairwise comparisons showed significant difference between P. vivax and mixed infection (p = 0.03)
  4. cp-value using median test
  5. dp-value using Mann-Whitney U test between P. vivax and mixed infection