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Table 2 Knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) on malaria among different age groups of Orang Asli community in Pos Kuala Betis, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia in 2019

From: Perceptions and prevention practices on malaria among the indigenous Orang Asli community in Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia

Variable Total Age group P-value
6–18 19–40  > 40  
Know the cause of malaria, n (%)
 Yes 278 (51.9) 48 (21.8) 162 (76.4) 68 (65.4)  < 0.001
 No 258 (48.1) 172 (78.2) 50 (23.6) 36 (34.6)  
Cause of malaria, n (%)
 Mosquito bite 274 (98.6) 46 (95.8) 160 (98.8) 68 (100) -
 Stagnant water 2 (0.7) 1 (2.1) 1 (0.6) 0 (0)  
 Dirty surrounding 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 1 (0.6) 0 (0)  
 Poor nutrition 1 (0.4) 1 (2.1) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
Know symptom of malaria, n (%)
 Yes 272 (50.7) 52 (23.6) 149 (70.3) 71 (68.3)  < 0.001
 No 264 (49.3) 168 (76.4) 63 (29.7) 33 (31.7)  
Symptoms of malaria*, n (%)
 Fever 257 (40.6) 49 (45) 145 (41.4) 65 (38.2) 0.859
 Headache 91 (14.4) 16 (14.5) 48 (13.7) 27 (15.9)  
 Rigor/chills 89 (14.1) 15 (13.8) 48 (13.7) 26 (15.3)  
 Body ache 86 (13.6) 13 (11.9) 50 (14.3) 23 (13.5)  
 Sweating 69 (10.9) 7 (6.4) 42 (12) 20 (11.8)  
 Vomiting 27 (4.3) 6 (5.5) 14 (4) 7 (4.1)  
 Nausea 8 (1.3) 3 (2.8) 3 (0.9) 2 (1.2)  
Know prevention of malaria, n (%)
 Yes 287 (53.5) 51 (23.2) 168 (79.2) 68 (54)  < 0.001
 No 249 (46.5) 169 (76.8) 44 (20.8) 58 (46)  
Prevention of malaria*, n (%)
 Sleep under bed net 284 (50.2) 51 (54.3) 167 (49.3) 67 (50.4) 0.641
 Spray insecticide at home/surrounding 108 (19.1) 13 (13.8) 67 (19.8) 28 (21.1)  
 Take medication 80 (14.1) 11 (11.7) 48 (14.2) 21 (15.8)  
 Wear protective clothing 30 (5.3) 8 (8.5) 19 (5.6) 3 (2.3)  
 Burn mosquito coils 28 (4.9) 7 (7.4) 16 (4.7) 5 (3.8)  
 Drain/add larvicide to stagnant water 20 (3.5) 2 (2.1) 12 (3.5) 6 (4.5)  
 Wear insect repellent 15 (2.7) 2 (2.1) 10 (2.9) 3 (2.3)  
Know practice on managing malaria illness, n (%)
 Yes 280 (52.2) 49 (22.3) 160 (75.5) 71 (56.3)  < 0.001
 No 256 (47.8) 171 (77.7) 52 (24.5) 55 (43.7)  
Practice on managing illness*, n (%)
 Go to the clinic immediately 273 (70.9) 47 (61) 156 (71.2) 70 (78.7) 0.152
 Purchase medication from local shop 49 (12.7) 14 (18.2) 25 (11.4) 10 (11.2)  
 Seek treatment from a traditional healer 40 (10.4) 8 (10.4) 25 (11.4) 7 (7.9)  
 Wait out the symptoms until well  23 (6) 8 (10.4) 13 (5.9) 2 (2.2)  
  1. *Some respondents with a combination of more than one answer