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Table 1 Malaria related parameters before and at first infection

From: Determinants of the varied profiles of Plasmodium falciparum infections among infants living in Kintampo, Ghana

Characteristic Level Only-asymptomatic
n = 87
n (%)
Only-symptomatic
n = 444
n (%)
Alternating
n = 274
n (%)
Overall p-value Only-asymptomatic vs only-symptomatic p-value Only-asymptomatic vs alternating p-value
Clinical visits before the first infection Yes 86 (98.9) 444 (100) 271 (98.9) 0.043 0.164 0.670
No 1 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.1)    
Reported fevera before the first infection Yesa 38 (43.7) 281 (63.3) 118 (43.1) < 0.001 0.001 0.920
No 49 (56.3) 163 (36.7) 156 (56.9)    
Elevatedb temperature before the first infection Yesb 12 (13.8) 117 (26.4) 39 (14.2) < 0.001 0.013 0.918
No 75 (86.2) 327 (73.6) 235 (85.8)    
Illness before first infection Yes 34 (39.1) 308 (69.4) 126 (46.0) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.259
No 53 (60.9) 136 (30.6) 148 (54.0)    
Anti-malarial use before the first infection Yes 3 (3.4) 279 (62.8) 64 (23.4) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
No 84 (96.6) 165 (37.2) 210 (76.6)    
MUAC (cm) at first infection Median (IQR) 14.2 (13.2, 15.3) 14.3 (13.5, 15.0) 14.0 (13.2, 15.0) 0.040 0.849 0.217
  1. aFever is reported in past 48 h by mother on clinical visits
  2. bElevated temperature is measured temperature above 37.5 °C on the day of home or clinical visit
  3. MUAC = mid-upper arm circumference (measure for assessing malnutrition)