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Table 3 Outcomes pooled across the entire study area, over time

From: The effect of community-driven larval source management and house improvement on malaria transmission when added to the standard malaria control strategies in Malawi: a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Outcomes Baseline year mean value observed (95%CI) Trial year 1 mean value observed (95%CI) Trial year 2 mean value observed (95%CI)
EIR (indoors + outdoors)a 0.010 (0.006, 0.015) 0.011 (0.007, 0.016) 0.001 (0.000, 0.003)
All Anopheles females indoorsa 0.119 (0.099, 0.140) 0.095 (0.077, 0.112) 0.023 (0.015, 0.032)
A. arabiensis females indoorsa 0.101 (0.082, 0.120) 0.049 (0.036, 0.061) 0.005 (0.001, 0.009)
A. funestus females indoorsa 0.010 (0.004, 0.016) 0.040 (0.029, 0.052) 0.013 (0.006, 0.020)
All Anopheles females outdoorsa 0.178 (0.153, 0.203) 0.116 (0.096, 0.135) 0.047 (0.034, 0.060)
A. arabiensis females outdoorsa 0.158 (0.134, 0.181) 0.068 (0.053, 0.083) 0.009 (0.003, 0.014)
A. funestus females outdoorsa 0.006 (0.002, 0.011) 0.041 (0.030, 0.053) 0.035 (0.024, 0.046)
Prevalence positive malaria RDT (%), women 15–49 years 19.2 (17.0, 21.6) 8.6 (7.1, 10.4) 15.1 (13.0, 17.4)
Prevalence positive malaria RDT (%), children 6–59 months 33.8 (30.8, 36.9) 19.3 (16.8, 22.1) 22.4 (19.4, 25.8)
Prevalence positive malaria RDT (%), children 6–23 months 28.7 (23.8, 34.0) 13.3 (9.8, 17.8) 14.7 (10.7, 19.8)
Prevalence positive malaria RDT + fever/tempb (%), women 15–49 years 5.2 (4.0, 6.6) 1.3 (0.8, 2.1) 2.5 (1.7, 3.6)
Prevalence positive malaria RDT + fever/tempb (%), children 6–59 months 14.2 (12.1, 16.6) 5.8 (4.4, 7.5) 5.2 (3.7, 7.2)
Prevalence positive malaria RDT + fever/tempb (%), children 6–23 months 12.3 (9.1, 16.5) 3.0 (1.5, 5.7) 1.3 (0.4, 3.7)
Hb, g/dL, women 15–49 years 11.87 (11.78, 11.97) 12.23 (12.15, 12.31) 12.62 (12.54, 12.71)
Hb, g/dL, children 6–59 months 10.52 (10.41, 10.62) 10.86 (10.76, 10.96) 11.14 (11.03, 11.25)
Hb, g/dL, children 6–23 months 10.17 (10.00, 10.35) 10.34 (10.17, 10.52) 10.81 (10.64, 10.98)
  1. RDT rapid diagnostic test, EIR entomological inoculation rate, Hb haemoglobin level
  2. aEIR and Anopheles mosquito densities are based on nightly rates
  3. bSelf-reported fever in the last 48 h or body temperature measured over 37.5 °C