# Table 1 Distribution of baseline variables

Aug-15 Aug-16
N = 20,185 N = 4149
Burkina Faso Mali Burkina Faso Mali
N = 9889 N = 10,296 N = 2098 N = 2051
Number (%)   Number (%)
General characteristics
Gender
Boy 5087 (51.4) 5290 (51.4) 1095 (52.2) 1126 (54.9)
Girl 4802 (48.6) 5006 (48.6) 1003 (47.8) 925 (45.1)
Age in months
12-Mar 1540 (16.0) 1387 (14.6) 283 (13.7) 304 (15.4)
24-Dec 2151 (22.3) 2242 (23.6) 448 (21.7) 415 (21.0)
24–36 2124 (22.0) 2095 (22.1) 475 (23.0) 487 (24.7)
36–48 1956 (20.2) 2044 (21.5) 449 (21.7) 395 (20.0)
48 +  1886 (19.5) 1733 (18.2) 411 (19.9) 371 (18.8)
Number missing 232 795 32 79
Intervention arm
Placebo 4907 (49.6) 5192 (50.4) 1036 (49.4) 1037 (50.6)
AZ 4982 (50.4) 5104 (49.6) 1062 (50.6) 1014 (49.4)
Distance to health facility
< 1 km 1759 (17.8) 4524 (43.9) 433 (20.6) 915 (44.6)
1–4 km 6,044 (61.1) 1608 (15.6) 1212 (57.8) 307 (15.0)
5–9 km 1908 (19.3) 1737 (16.9) 426 (20.3) 345 (16.8)
10 + km 178 (1.8) 2427 (23.6) 27 (1.3) 484 (23.6)
Nutritional status measures
Height-for-age
Median z-score [IQR] − 1.2 [− 2.0- − 0.4] − 1.2 [− 2.1- − 0.1]
Mildly stunted (− 2 < z < − 3)    356 (17.2) 335 (17.1)
Severely stunted (z < − 3)    164 (7.9) 204 (10.4)
Number missing    32 91
Weight-for-age
Median z-score [IQR] − 1.2 [− 2.2- − 0.4] − 1.0 [− 1.9- − 0.3]
Mildly underweight (− 2 < z < − 3)    366 (17.7) 302 (15.4)
Severely underweight (z < − 3)    265 (12.8) 128 (6.5)
Number missing    32 91
Weight-for-height/length
Median z-score [IQR] − 0.9 [− 2.0- 0.0] − 0.6 [− 1.5- 0.1]
Mildly wasted (− 2 < z < − 3)    260 (12.4) 186 (9.1)
Severely wasted (z < − 3)    292 (13.9) 131 (6.4)
Number missing    0 12
MUAC
Median MUAC in mm [IQR] 145 [136–152] 145 [135–155] 145 [136–152] 145 [139–155]
Moderately low MUAC (125-135 mm) 1762 (17.8) 1781 (17.6) 395 (18.8) 310 (15.2)
Severely low MUAC (< 125 mm) 578 (5.8) 768 (7.6) 112 (5.3) 105 (5.2)
Number missing 0 147 0 14
MUAC-for-age
Median z-score [IQR] − 0.8 [− 1.4 to − 0.1] − 0.7 [− 1.4 to 0.0] − 0.8 [− 1.4 to − 0.2] − 0.6 [− 1.2 to 0.0]
Low MUAC-for-age (− 2 < z < − 3) 807 (8.4) 745 (8.0) 145 (7.0) 112 (5.7)
Very low MUAC-for-age (z < − 3) 126 (1.3) 184 (2.0) 28 (1.4) 21 (1.1)
Number missing 334 924 42 93
1. Both cohorts (2015 and 2016) are presented with their nutritional measurements