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Table 2 Cumulative incidence of malaria among indigenous and non-indigenous groups in Amazonas, Bolivar and Sucre states, Venezuela, 2014–2018

From: The malaria burden of Amerindian groups of three Venezuelan states: a descriptive study based on programmatic data

Year Cases-i Est. Pop-i API-i Cases non-i Est. Pop non-i API non-i RR
Amazonas
 2014 7852 82,800 94.83 3512 90,344 38.87 *2.44
 2015 7164 85,082 84.20 11,477 92,921 123.51 *0.68
 2016 7942 87,427 90.84 17,009 95,481 178.14 *0.51
 2017 21,187 89,837 235.84 45,113 98,015 460.27 *0.51
 2018 21,530 92,313 233.23 26,283 100,522 261.47 *0.89
Bolivar
 2014 7854 57,451 136.71 67,089 1,665,910 40.27 *3.39
 2015 8387 58,404 143.60 98,466 1,693,846 58.13 *2.47
 2016 15,676 59,372 264.03 161,943 1,721,527 94.07 *2.81
 2017 9649 60,357 159.87 251,673 1,748,949 143.90 *1.11
 2018 8565 61,357 139.59 242,801 1,776,128 136.70 *1.02
Sucre
 2014 0 23,256 0.00 922 988,415 0.93 0
 2015 0 23,615 0.00 3208 1,003,939 3.20 0
 2016 112 23,978 4.67 20,821 1,019,515 20.42 *0.23
 2017 140 24,348 5.75 61,747 1,035,140 59.65 *0.10
 2018 39 24,723 1.58 67,992 1,050,722 64.70 *0.02
  1. Spatial autocorrelation and clustering
  2. Est. Pop Estimated population, API Annual parasite index, i Indigenous people, Non-i Non-Indigenous people (cases per 1000 people at risk), RR Risk ratio indigenous/non-indigenous
  3. Z test for significance: *p < 0.05