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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of malaria cases and controls among individuals visiting health centres in Ziway-Dugda Distict, Ethiopia, 2017 (N = 268)

From: Effectiveness of long-lasting insecticidal nets in prevention of malaria among individuals visiting health centres in Ziway-Dugda District, Ethiopia: matched case–control study

Variable Category Cases Controls
No. (%) n = 67 No. (%) n = 201
Agea  < 5 14 (20.9) 39 (19.4)
5–14 17 (25.4) 51 (25.4)
15–34 23 (34.3) 72 (35.8)
35–49 7 (10.4) 22 (10.9)
50 +  6 (9.0) 17 (8.5)
Sexa Male 36 (53.7) 108 (53.7)
Female 31 (46.3) 93 (46.3)
Residencya Rural 47 (70.1) 141 (70.1)
Urban 20 (29.9) 60 (29.9)
Religion Muslim 38 (56.7) 112 (55.7)
Orthodox 24 (35.8) 69 (34.3)
Protestant 5 (7.5) 20 (10.0)
Marital status Married 39 (58.2) 130 (64.7)
Single 18 (26.9) 50 (24.9)
Divorced or widowed 10 (14.9) 21 (10.4)
Educational level No education 21 (31.3) 52 (25.9)
Primary 24 (35.8) 69 (34.3)
Secondary 17 (25.4) 60 (29.9)
Higher education 5 (7.5) 20 (9.9)
Ocupational status Farmer 17 (25.4) 50 (24.8)
Student 17 (25.4) 49 (24.4)
Housewife 13 (19.4) 45 (22.4)
Merchant 9 (13.4) 27 (13.4)
Daily laborer 7 (10.4) 15 (7.5)
Employee 4 (6.0) 15 (7.5)
Estimated monthly Household income-quintiles (ETB) Lowest 20% (< 501) 13 (19.4) 44 (21.9)
Second (501–900) 18 (26.9) 37 (18.4)
Middle (901–1400) 15 (22.4) 35 (17.4)
Fourth (1401–2420) 9 ( 13.4) 44 (21.9)
Highest (> 2420) 12 (17.9) 41 (20.4)
Family size 1–3 8 (11.9) 38 (18.9)
4–6 48 (71.7) 130 (64.7)
 > 6 11 (16.4) 33 (16.4)
Number of under-five children No children 28 (41.8) 94 (46.8)
One children 30 (44.8) 78 (38.8)
More than one children 9 (13.4) 29 (14.4)
  1. aMatched variables