Skip to main content

Table 3 The bi-variate conditional logistic regression of factors related to malaria prevention among cases and controls in individuals visiting health centres in Ziway-Dugda Distict, Ethiopia, 2017 (N = 228)

From: Effectiveness of long-lasting insecticidal nets in prevention of malaria among individuals visiting health centres in Ziway-Dugda District, Ethiopia: matched case–control study

Variables Category Cases Controls Crude Matched Odds Ratio (95% CI)
No. (%) n = 67 No. (%) n = 201
Educational level No education 21 (31.4) 52 (25.9) 1
Primary 24 (35.8) 69 (34.3) 0.81 (0.38, 1.74)
Secondary and above 22 (32.8) 80 (39.8) 0.58 (0.25, 1.33)
Type of roof Corrugated iron sheet 37 (55.2) 126 (62.7) 0.64 (0.33, 1.26)
  Thatched roof 30 (44.8) 75 (37.3) 1
Presence of windows No 29 (43.3) 78 (38.8) 1
Yes 38 (56.7) 123 (61.2) 0.79 (0.42, 1.49)
Presence of patients with similar signs in home No 50 (74.6) 175 (87.1) 1
Yes 17 (25.4) 26 (12.9) 2.22 (1.13, 4.38)*
House sprayed with IRS No 32 (47.8) 60 (29.9) 1
Yes 35 (52.2) 141 (70.1) 0.34 (0.17, 0.67)**
Knowledge related to malaria prevention High-level 31 (46.3) 109 (54.2) 1
Moderate-level 21 (31.3) 62 (30.9) 1.25 (0.64, 2.44)
Low-level 15 (22.4) 30 (14.9) 2.15 (0.90, 5.13)
Practice related to malaria prevention Good 16 (23.9) 71 (35.3) 1
Fair 21 (31.3) 62 (30.9) 1.61 (0.74, 3.48)
Poor 30 (44.8) 68 (33.8) 2.25 (1.04, 4.85)*
Presence of LLINs in home No 17 (25.4) 17 (8.5) 1
Yes 50 (74.6) 184 (91.5) 0.27 (0.13, 0.58)**
Sleeping under LLINs the previous night No 36 (53.7) 70 (34.8) 1
Yes 31 (46.3) 131 (65.2) 0.43 (0.24, 0.76)**
Regularly sleeping under LLINs for the last 2 weeks No 45 (67.2) 78 (38.8) 1
Yes 22 (32.8) 123 (61.2) 0.28 (0.15, 0.52)***
Living together with livestock’s No 47 (70.1) 155 (77.1) 1
Yes 20 (29.9) 46 (22.9) 1.61 (0.79, 3.31)
Presence of intermittent rivers or irrigation No 55 (82.1) 162 (80.6) 1
Yes 12 (17.9) 39 (19.4) 0.89 (0.39, 2.00)
Staying late out-door during night within the past 2 weeks No 37 (55.2) 137 (68.2) 1
Yes 30 (44.8) 64 (31.8) 1.95 (1.04, 3.65)*
  1. Significance: * Significant (p < 0.05);* * strongly significant (p < 0.01); ***highly significant (p < 0.001)