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Table 1 Summary of household characteristics stratified by elevation quartile

From: Malaria prevalence and long-lasting insecticidal net use in rural western Uganda: results of a cross-sectional survey conducted in an area of highly variable malaria transmission intensity

  Quartile 1 Quartile 2 Quartile 3 Quartile 4 p-value*
General
 Households (n) 544 543 543 543
 Elevation range (m) 1096–1263 1264–1419 1420–1614 1615–2420
 Median elevation (m, IQR) 1219 (1186–1241) 1362 (1318–1388) 1500 (1452–1555) 1737 (1674–1829)
 Distance to health centre
  Less than 1 km 54.9 (53.7–56.1) 58.4 (57.2–59.7) 56.4 (55.3–57.6) 16.3 (15.3–17.3) < .001
  1 km to 2 km 37.0 (35.7–38.3) 41.2 (39.9–42.5) 33.3 (32.1–34.6) 38.1 (36.9–39.4)
  More than 2 km 8.1 (7.2–9.0) 0.4 (0.2–0.6) 10.2 (9.5–11.0) 45.6 (44.4–46.8)
Care-seeking
 Sought care in past two weeks? 16.2 (15.0–17.5) 16.4 (15.3–17.5) 12.0 (11.1–13.0) 9.1 (8.2–10.1) < .001
 Location where care provided (n, %)
  Hospital 1 (1.1) 2 (2.4) 1 (1.5) 2 (4.1) 0.74
  Health centre 47 (53.4) 42 (50.0) 36 (53.7) 21 (42.9)
  Pharmacy or drug shop 11 (12.5) 12 (14.3) 14 (20.9) 9 (18.4)
  Community health worker 26 (29.6) 27 (32.1) 15 (22.4) 17 (34.7)
  Traditional healer 3 (3.4) 1 (1.2) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0)
LLINs
 Child slept under LLIN last night? 65.6 (64.0–67.2) 69.8(68.4–71.2) 66.0 (64.6–67.4) 56.4(54.8–67.4) < .001
 LLIN source
  Government distribution 77.8 (76.1–79.5) 81.5 (80.1–82.9) 81.8 (80.4–83.1) 89.2 (87.8–90.4) < .001
  Health centre 22.2 (20.5–23.9) 16.9 (15.6–18.3) 18.2 (16.9–19.6 10.8 (9.6–12.2)
  Store/private vendor 1.6 (1.2–2.1)
Fever and malaria
 Subjective fever in past two days? 9.3 (8.4–10.3) 10.0 (9.1–10.9) 5.3 (4.7–6.0) 5.2 (4.5–6.0) < .001
 PfPR 9.24 (8.35–10.22) 9.28 (8.42–10.20) 2.98 (2.52–3.52) 1.82 (1.42–2.32) < .001
  1. Unless otherwise indicated, data presented represents weighted proportion of households with corresponding 95% confidence intervals
  2. * p-value from Pearson’s chi squared test for difference in proportions across elevation quartiles