# Table 5 Variables related to use of bed nets every day among respondents living in households owning at least one net (n = 1401)

n (%) Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Age of household member (years)
≤ 10 (n = 418) 405 (96.89) 1
11–17 (n = 259) 220 (84.94) 0.17 (0.09–0.33)  < 0.001** 0.17 (0.07–0.43)  < 0.001**
18–59 (n = 613) 442 (72.10) 0.08 (0.04–0.14)  < 0.001** 0.13 (0.04-.36)  < 0.001**
≥ 60 (n = 111) 84 (75.68) 0.09 (0.04–0.18)  < 0.001** 0.24 (0.07–0.85) 0.027*
Gender of household member
Male (n = 625) 456 (72.96) 1
Female (n = 776) 695 (89.56) 3.20 (2.39–4.28)  < 0.001** 2.44 (1.41–4.22) 0.001*
Marital status of household member
Married (n = 610) 439 (71.97) 1
Others (n = 791) 712 (90.01) 3.62 (2.70–4.87)  < 0.001** 0.66 (0.29–1.47) 0.304
Household member stay overnight outside in the forest or the field
Yes (n = 184) 27 (14.67) 1
No (n = 1,217) 1124 (92.36) 67.80 (42.77–107.49)  < 0.001** 96.25 (52.17–177.58)  < 0.001**
Head of household prefer to use free bed net
Not prefer (n = 75) 34 (45.33) 1
Yes or indifferent (n = 1,326) 1117 (84.24) 5.50 (3.36–9.02)  < 0.001** 13.42 (6.47–27.85)  < 0.001**
Sufficient numbers of bed net to cover all sleeping spaces in household
No (n = 190) 104 (54.74) 1
Yes (n = 1,211) 1047 (86.46) 6.03 (4.28–8.48)  < 0.001** 7.22 (4.29–12.14)  < 0.001**
Sleeping pattern based on gender
Male sleep alone (n = 98) 61 (62.24) 1
Female sleep alone (n = 75) 63 (84.00) 3.34 (1.58–7.06) 0.002* 1.00 (0.33–3.06) 0.998
Male sleep with female (spouse) (n = 162) 104 (64.20) 1.18 (0.70–2.00) 0.536 1.53 (0.57–4.10) 0.399
Male sleep with male (≥ 2 person/sleeping space) (n = 57) 43 (75.44) 2.17 (1.04–4.55) 0.040* 1.41 (0.43–4.59) 0.568
Male sleep with female (not spouse) (≥ 2 person/sleeping space) (n = 808) 687 (85.02) 4.00 (2.51–6.35)  < 0.001** 2.88 (1.13–7.37) 0.027*
Female sleep with female (≥ 2 person/sleeping space) (n = 201) 193 (96.02) 15.94 (7.00–36.27)  < 0.001** 4.42 (1.27–15.47) 0.020*
Sleeping pattern based on age (≤ 10 year)
Not sleep with child ≤ 10 year (n = 533) 394 (73.92) 1
Sleep with child ≤ 10 year (n = 868) 757 (87.21) 2.65 (2.00–3.52)  < 0.001** 0.72 (0.35–1.47) 0.370
SES score
x̄ ± SD 0.07 ± 0.11 2.16 (0.53–8.76) 0.282 13.93 (2.07–93.88) 0.007*
1. *p-value < 0.05, **p-value < 0.001