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Table 3 Odds ratios of malaria in adults ≥ 45 years, LASI-1 (2017–2018)

From: Socio-economic and household determinants of malaria in adults aged 45 and above: analysis of longitudinal ageing survey in India, 2017–2018

Variables Malaria
UOR AOR 95 % CI
Age group (44–54 years) 1   
 55–69 years 1.2** 1.0 0.9–1.1
 70 + years 1.1 0.9 0.8–1.1
Sex (female) 1   
 Male 1.1 1.2** 1.0–1.3
Residence (rural) 1   
 Urban 0.4** 0.7** 0.6–0.8
MPCE quintile (poorest) 1   
 Poorer 0.9 1.1 1.0–1.2
 Middle 0.8** 1.0 0.9–1.2
 Richer 0.7** 1.1 0.9–1.2
 Richest 0.7** 1.2** 1.1–1.5
Education (0 school years) 1   
 1–5 school years 0.8* 1.0 0.9–1.1
 6–12 school years 0.5** 0.7** 0.6–0.8
 College/university 0.3** 0.5** 0.4–0.7
Caste (SC) 1   
 ST 1.9** 1.7** 1.5–1.9
 OBC 0.9 1.1 1.0–1.2
 Forward 0.8** 1.0 0.9–1.2
Main Job (wage/salary worker) 1   
 Agricultural and allied 2.1** 1.3* 1.1–1.5
 Self-employed 1.1 1 0.8–1.3
 Not working 1.5** 1.3** 1.1–1.5
Household size (1–5 members) 1   
 ≥ 6 members 1.4** 1.3** 1.2–1.4
Type of house (pucca/semi pucca) 1   
 Kutcha 1.8** 1.1** 1.0–1.3
Water source (own dwelling/yard/plot) 1   
 Outside dwelling 1.6** 1.1** 1.0–1.2
Toilet facility (improved sanitation) 1   
 Unimproved 1.9** 1.2** 1.1–1.3
Cooking fuel (clean) 1   
 Unclean 2.4** 1.5** 1.4–1.7
Damp wall/ceiling (no) 1 1  
 Yes 1.3** 1.2** 1.1–1.3
  1. UOR unadjusted odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio
  2. *P<0.05 ** P<0.01