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Table 3 Factors associated with sleeping under a LLIN among individuals residing in households owning at least one LLIN (n = 4002 individuals)

From: Coverage, determinants of use and repurposing of long-lasting insecticidal nets two years after a mass distribution in Lihir Islands, Papua New Guinea: a cross-sectional study

Variable Total individuals Slept under a LLIN the previous night (%) Univariable aOR
(95 %CI)
p-value Multivariable aOR
(95 %CI)
p-value
Gender
 Male 2093 879 (42.0) 1 < 0.001 1 < 0.001
 Female 1909 972 (50.9) 1.99 (1.64–2.41) 1.92 (1.53–2.40)
Age [years]a
 < 5 721 416 (57.7) 1 < 0.001 1 < 0.001
 5–14 867 399 (46.0) 0.37 (0.27–0.51) 0.38 (0.27–0.55)
 ≥ 15 2373 1021 (43.0) 0.32 (0.24–0.41) 0.29 (0.21–0.40)
Type of household
 Permanent 2168 917 (42.3) 1 0.021 1 0.200
 Traditional 1402 738 (52.6) 2.08 (1.26–3.42) 1.44 (0.82–2.52)
 Makeshift 432 196 (45.4) 0.99 (0.47–2.06) 0.66 (0.29–1.53)
Household LLIN coverage
 Inadequate (< 1 LLIN per 2 individuals) 3097 1247 (40.3) 1 < 0.001 1 < 0.001
 Adequate (≥ 1 LLIN per 2 individuals) 905 604 (66.7) 6.61 (3.99–10.96) 5.82 (3.23–10.49)
Household head knows that sleeping under a LLIN prevents malaria
 No 982 211 (21.5) 1 < 0.001 1 < 0.001
 Yes 3020 1640 (54.3) 20.84 (11.48–37.85) 16.44 (8.29–32.58)
Gender of the household head
 Male 3081 1443 (46.8) 1 0.696 1 0.252
 Female 921 408 (44.3) 0.89 (0.52–1.53) 0.68 (0.36–1.28)
At least 1 resident employed [> 15 years old]b
 No 1147 623 (54.3) 1 0.028 1 0.082
 Yes 2044 924 (45.2) 0.54 (0.32–0.90) 0.62 (0.37–1.04)
At least 1 resident studying [5–14 years old]c
 No 1399 695 (49.7) 1 0.150 1 0.670
 Yes 2528 1124 (44.5) 0.70 (0.45–1.11) 0.89 (0.53–1.49)
  1. an = 3961 (1.0 % missing)
  2. bn = 3191 (20.3 %missing)
  3. cn = 3927 (1.9 %missing)