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Table 1 Baseline characteristics by treatment arm

From: Effect of a single dose of oral azithromycin on malaria parasitaemia in children: a randomized controlled trial

  Azithromycin
(N = 230)
Placebo
(N = 220)
Age, months, median (IQR) 26 (15 to 39) 26 (17 to 38)
Female sex, N (%) 122 (53.1%) 106 (48.4%)
Currently breastfeeding, N (%) 93 (40.4%) 78 (35.6%)
Mother’s age, years, median (IQR) 26.5 (23 to 32) 27 (23 to 33)
Malaria parasitaemia, N (%) 42 (18.3%) 36 (16.4%)
Parasite density, parasites/µl, median (IQR) 960 (84 to 15,900) 1160 (80 to 9940)
Gametocytaemia, N (%) 37 (16.2%) 26 (11.9%)
Positive RDT for malariaa 14 (6.1%) 8 (3.6%)
  1. aRapid diagnostic test (RDT) for malaria was performed in children with tympanic temperature ≥ 37.5 °C; children with a positive RDT at baseline were referred for anti-malarial care