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Table 4 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with malaria infection in selected localities of Dembiya District

From: Malaria prevalence and associated risk factors in Dembiya district, North-western Ethiopia

Variables Category Total examined Positive (%) OR (95% CI)
COR AOR p-value
Sex Female 353 8 (2.3) 1 1  
Male 382 18 (4.7) 2.13 (0.92–4.97)* 2.58 (1.04–6.41) 0.041
Age < 5 54 0 1 1  
5–9 139 1 (0.7) 0.38 (0.02–6.252)* 0.31 (0.02–5.27) 0.417
10–14 131 3 (2.3) 0.82 (0.07–9.26) 0.53 (0.04–6.48) 0.617
≥ 15 413 22 (5.3) 2.99 (0.39–22.69) 2.15 (0.27–16.92) 0.466
Occupation Farmer 637 25 (3.9) 3.96 (0.53–29.58) 4.16 (0.49–35.22) 0.191
Merchant 98 1 (1) 1 1  
Educational status No education 341 14 (4.1) 1.07 (0.24–4.85) 1.19 (0.24–5.93) 0.837
Primary 223 6 (2.7) 0.69 (0.14–3.53) 0.87 (0.16–4.74) 0.873
Secondary 119 4 (3.4) 0.87 (0.15–4.90) 1.58 (0.25–10.02) 0.629
> Secondary 52 2 (3.8) 1 1  
Outdoor activity Yes 571 25 (4.4) 7.46 (1.00–55.50)* 16.42 (1.82–147.85) 0.013
No 164 1 (0.6) 1 1  
Awareness about transmission Yes 441 12 (2.7) 1 1  
No 286 14 (4.9) 1.87 (0.85–4.11)* 3.17 (1.22–8.24) 0.018
Period of receiving last IRS < 6 month 541 20 (3.7) 1 1  
6–12 month 194 6 (3.1) 0.83 (0.33–2.10) 1.98 (0.66–5.91) 0.221
Period of receiving last LLIN < 6month 16 3 (18.8) 1 1  
6–12 month 15 4 (26.7) 1.58 (0.288–8.61) 3.32 (0.47–23.74) 0.231
More than year 704 19 (2.7) 0.12 (0.032–0.46)* 0.12 (0.02–0.57) 0.008
  1. * Indicates significant values at p ≤ 0.05