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Table 2 Haemosporidian parasites detected in dead birds submitted between June and October 2020 and screened by PCR

From: A citizen science-based survey of avian mortality focusing on haemosporidian infections in wild passerine birds

Bird family Host species n Sample origin
(Federal state)
PCR positive Parasite species & cytb lineagesa
Plas Haem Leuc Total (%)
Passeridae Passer domesticus 2 V (1), LA (1) 0 (0%)  
  Passer montanus 1 LA 0 (0%)  
  Passer sp. 2 LA 0 (0%)  
Fringillidae Carduelis carduelis 6 LA (2), S (1), T (3) 1 1 (17%) P. vaughani SYAT05
  Chloris chloris 7 V (2), LA (1), S (1), B (3) 1 1 (14%) Haemoproteus sp. CARCHL01
  Fringilla coelebs 9 V (1), LA (6), S (1), B (1) 1 7 2 9 (100%) P. relictum GRW11 (1),
Haemoproteus sp. CCF23 (7), Leucocytozoon sp. BRAM3 (2)
  Coccothraustes coccothraustes 3 LA (3) 1 3 3 (100%) Haemoproteus sp. HAWF6 (1), Leucocytozoon sp. HAWF7 (3), Leucocytozoon sp. COCCOC01 (2), Leucocytozoon sp. COCCOC02 (1)
  Pyrrhula pyrrhula 1 T 1 1 1 (100%) Haemoproteus cf. majoris EMSPO03, Leucocytozoon sp. PARUS25, Leucocytozoon sp. BT2
  Serinus serinus 1 T 0 (0%)  
  Linaria cannabina 1 LA 0 (0%)  
Paridae Parus major 10 V (4), LA (5), B (1) 4 1 4 (40%) P. elongatum GRW06 (4),
P. relictum SGS1 (2),
Leucocytozoon sp. PARUS4 (1)
  Cyanistes caeruleus 3 V (2), UA (1) 1 2 3 (100%) P. elongatum GRW06 (1), Leucocytozoon sp. PARUS4 (2), Leucocytozoon sp. CYACAE07 (1)
Hirundinidae Hirundo rustica 5 LA (5) 0 (0%)  
Sylviidae Sylvia atricapilla 2 LA (1), B (1) 0 (0%)  
Regulidae Regulus regulus 1 V 0 (0%)  
Muscicapidae Phoenicurus ochruros 3 V (3), LA (1) 0 (0%)  
  Erithacus rubecula 3 LA (3) 0 (0%)  
Turdidae Turdus philomelos 1 LA 0 (0%)  
  Turdus merula 2 LA (1), UA (1) 2 2 (100%) P. vaughani SYAT05 (2)
Sturnidae Sturnus vulgaris 3 V (3) - 0 (0%)  
Picidae Picus viridis 6 LA (5), B (1) 0 (0%)  
  Dendrocopos major 5 LA (3), B (2) 0 (0%)  
  Leiopicus medius 2 V (1), LA (1) 0 (0%)  
Alcedinidae Alcedo atthis 1 B 0 (0%)  
Ardeidae Botaurus stellaris 1 V 1 1 (100%) Leucocytozoon sp. BOTSTEL01
Total   81   9 10 10 25 17 lineages (4 Plas, 4 Haem, 9 Leuc)
  1. V: Vorarlberg; LA: Lower Austria; S: Salzburg; T: Tyrol; B: Burgenland; V = Vienna
  2. Plas: Plasmodium; Haem: Haemoproteus; Leuc: Leucocytozoon
  3. aNumbers in parentheses indicate total infected birds. Lineages in bold represent novel cytb haplotypes