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Table 2 Mean health system and patient costs (KSh) related to hospitalization with confirmed malaria diagnosis

From: Rethinking the economic costs of hospitalization for malaria: accounting for the comorbidities of malaria patients in western Kenya

Description of cost All patients Patients with no comorbidity Patients with one of more comorbidities Hospital stay ≤ 3 days Hospital stay > 3days
n=746 n=570 n=176 n=547 n=199
Mean cost 95 %CI Mean cost 95 %CI Mean cost 95 %CI Mean cost 95 %CI Mean cost 95 %CI
Health system cost           
 Hospital admission and bed cost1 2650 2574-2727 2552 2474-2631 2963 2770-3156 2145 2101-2188 4052 3923-4182
 Malaria management 1378 1331-1426 1324 1277-1372 1549 1427-1672 1137 1104-1170 2046 1937-2154
 Additional treatment2 212 109-306 0 - 831 408-1253 158 54-262 363 98-628
 Antibiotics 47 32-62 0 - 195 137- 254 28 20-36 100 47-152
 Total health system cost 4288 4046-4531 3877 3800-4053 5583 4785-6380 3468 3393-3639 6560 6054-7166
Household costs           
 Direct costs           
 Medical costs           
 Registration, hospital fee 118 111-125 119 111-128 113 103-122 120 113-129 111 100-123
 Antibiotics 41 29-52 - - 166 125-201 42 28-56 35 19-50
 Other medication 2 1-3 - - 8 4-12 2 1-3 3 1-6
 Non-medical costs           
 Transport & food cost 599 558-640 551 507-495 741 648-834 511 475-547 844 733-955
 Funeral costs 129 34-225 73 0-155 308 7-609 151 30-271 70 0-207
Subtotal direct costs 889 733-1044 743 608-878 1337 887-1699 825 647-1005 1062 785-1339
 Indirect costs           
 Productivity loss 787 755-1044 737 703-772 945 822-960 631 601-655 1220 1149-1291
 Total household costs 1676 1488-1864 1480 1311-1650 2281 1839-2502 1456 1252-1660 2283 1935-2630
 Total 5964 5534-6394 5357 5061-5654 7820 6500-9139 4923 4532-5316 8843 7940-9746
  1. 1 Hospital admission cost includes outpatient assessment and confirmation of malaria. if patient fees were charged, these costs were deducted and included as direct costs
  2. 2Additional treatment relates to costs for management of comorbidities excluding costs of antibiotics