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Table 6 Individual level mosquito risk and prevention methods among 2,753 study participants from two districts of Meghalaya state, India

From: Household and individual level risk factors associated with declining malaria incidence in Meghalaya, India: implications for malaria elimination in low-endemic settings

Characteristic West Jaintia Hills (N = 1467) West Khasi Hills (N = 1286)
Generally, sleep under bed net at night 1467 (100%) 1270 (98.8%)
If yes, bed net treated with insecticide
 Yes 1457 (99.4%) 1245 (98.1%)
 No 7 (0.5%) 24 (1.9%)
If yes, frequency of bed net use
 Every night 738 (50.3%) 998 (78.5%)
 Most of the times 724 (49.4%) 90 (7.1%)
 Sometimes 4 (0.3%) 36 (2.8%)
 Rarely 0 (0%) 3 (0.2%)
 Only in rainy season 1 (0.1%) 142 (11.2%)
Used bed net preceding night 1456 (99.3%) 1247 (97.2%)
Cover arms/legs to prevent bites
 Always 19 (1.3%) 169 (13.1%)
 Sometimes 770 (52.5%) 229 (17.8%)
 Rarely 6 (0.4%) 155 (12.1%)
 Never 672 (45.8%) 733 (57.0%)
Use insecticidal creams to prevent bites
 Always 5 (0.3%) 11 (0.8%)
 Sometimes 16 (1.1%) 25 (1.9%)
 Rarely 4 (0.3%) 18 (1.4%)
 Never 1442 (98.3%) 1232 (95.8%)
Other products used to prevent bites
 Mosquito repellent coil 806 (54.9%) 377 (29.3%)
 Mosquito repellent mat tablet 105 (7.2%) 89 (6.9%)
 Mosquito repellent vaporizer 51 (3.4%) 53 (4.1%)
 Burn other materials 20 (1.4%) 158 (12.3%)
Dinner eaten inside the house 1467 (100%) 1284 (99.9%)
Location of activities before sleeping
 Inside the house 1402 (95.6%) 1270 (99.0%)
 Outside the house 60 (4.1%) 11 (0.9%)
 Depends on conditions 5 (0.3%) 2 (0.2%)
Sleeping location
 Inside the house 1465 (99.9%) 1280 (99.6%)
 Outside the house 1 (0.1%) 2 (0.2%)
 Depends on conditions 1 (0.1%) 3 (0.2%)
Leave house at night to use toilet 1089 (74.2%) 576 (44.9%)
Location of early morning activities*
 Inside the house 325 (72.5%) 691 (86.9%)
 Outside the house 98 (21.9%) 89 (11.2%)
 Location depending on season 24 (5.4%) 5 (0.6%)
 Location changes every time 1 (0.2%) 11 (0.9%)
  1. *Data available for 448 individuals in JH and 795 individuals in KH