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Table 4 Factors associated with contracting malaria at Tongogara Refugee Camp, Chipinge District, Zimbabwe, 2021

From: Factors associated with a malaria outbreak at Tongogara refugee camp in Chipinge District, Zimbabwe, 2021: a case–control study

Variable Cases Controls OR (95% CI) p-value
n = 80 % n = 80 %
No. of children ≥ 5 years in household
 0 67 84 53 67 Reference   
 1 7 9 10 7 0.55 0.20–1.55 0.261
 2 +  6 7 17 6 0.28 0.10–0.76 0.012
Type of house      
 Brick under iron 41 51 34 42 Reference   
 Pole/mud under thatch 7 9 0 0
 Refugee housing unit 14 18 42 53 0.28 (0.13–0.59) 0.001
 Brick under asbestos 18 22 4 5 3.73 (1.15–12.08) 0.028
Holes or open eaves in the house     
 No 54 68 70 87 Reference   
 Yes 26 31 10 13 3.37 (1.5–7.58) 0.003
Outdoor activities at night     
 No 32 40 57 71 Reference   
 Yes 48 60 23 29 3.72 (1.92–7.19)  < 0.001
Wear clothes that cover the body during outdoor activities at night  
 Yes 26 32 56 70 Reference   
 No 54 68 24 30 4.76 (2.43–9.3)  < 0.001