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Table 2 Diagnosis of malaria by different methods

From: Potential application of the haematology analyser XN-31 prototype for field malaria surveillance in Kenya

  XN-31p (venous blood) XN-31p (capillary blood) Microscopy RDT PCR
Plasmodium positive; n (%) 18 (10.7) 18 (10.7) 16 (9.47) 18 (10.7) 23 (13.6)
 P. falciparum 18 17 15 18 19
 Others* 0 1
 P. malariae 1 0
 P. ovale 0 3
 P. falciparum + 
P. malariae
0 1
MI-RBC Abn Scattergram 5 11
Negative 146 140 153 151 146
Parasitaemia (parasite/μL); median (IQR) 21,774 (9,490 −101,973) 21,357 (9,262 −104,193) 2,356 (1,004 −18,910)
Parasitaemia (%iRBC); median (IQR) 0.44 (0.20–1.8) 0.45 (0.19–1.8) 0.27 (0.15–0.92)
  1. *Except P. falciparum