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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of total and imported cases in North Sumatera, Indonesia, 2019–2020

From: Spatial analysis to evaluate risk of malaria in Northern Sumatera, Indonesia

Characteristic Total case (2208) Imported (392) P value
Number (%) Number (%)
Sex
 Female 836 (37.9) 68 (17.4) < 0.001
 Male 1371 (62.1) 324 (82.6)  
Age groups (years)
 ≤ 12 475 (21.5) 19 (4.9) < 0.001
 13–18 490 (22.2) 27 (6.9)  
 19–30 574 (26.0) 180 (45.9)  
 31–45 428 (19.4) 124 (31.6)  
 > 45 241 (10.9) 42 (10.7)  
Occupation
 ET 213 (9.7) 51 (13.0) < 0.001
 FG 168 (7.6) 22 (5.6)  
 Fisherman 194 (8.8) 9 (2.3)  
 FM 10 (0.5) 9 (2.3)  
 Housewife 348 (15.8) 42 (10.7)  
 Military 193 (8.7) 191 (48.7)  
 Students 825 (37.4) 44 (11.2)  
 Unemployed 257 (11.6) 24 (6.1)  
Species
 PF 316 (14.3) 115 (29.4) < 0.001
 PV 1613 (73.0) 249 (63.5)  
 Mixed 277 (12.6) 28 (7.1)  
 Others 2 (0.1) 0 (0.0)  
Diagnosis
 Microscope 1208 (54.7) 296 (75.5) < 0.001
 RDT 1000 (45.3) 96 (24.5)  
Year
 2019 1198 (54.3) 241 (61.5) < 0.001
 2020 1010 (45.7) 151 (9.5)  
  1. ET: employees and traders; FG: farmers and gardeners; FM: forest goers and miners; PF: P. falciparum, PV: P.vivax; Mixed- Mixed infection of P. falciparum and P. vivax; RDT- rapid diagnostic test; Others: one Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae each