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Table 3 Symptoms and clinical signs in malaria

From: Epidemiology and clinical features of imported malaria: a 14-year retrospective single-centre descriptive study in Prague, Czech Republic

Symptom or clinical finding Severe P. falciparum malaria Non-complicated P. falciparum malaria Other malaria Total P value
N % N % N % N %
Headache 17/31 54.8 78/121 64.5 27/46 58.7 122 61.6 0.554
Muscle pain 13/31 41.9 47/121 38.8 16/46 34.8 76 38.4 0.807
Joint pain 12/31 38.7 41/121 33.9 19/46 41.3 72 36.4 0.644
Abdominal pain 8/31 25.8 17/121 14.0 7/46 15.2 32 16.2 0.279
Vomiting 19/31 61.3 31/121 25.6 10/46 21.7 60 30.3  < 0.001
Diarrhoea 19/31 61.3 36/121 29.8 6/46 13.0 61 30.8  < 0.001
Hypotension (< 90/60 mmHg) 7/31 22.6 10/121 8.3 1/46 2.2 18 9.1 0.008
Tachycardia (> 100 beats/min) 22/31 71.0 40/121 33.1 9/46 19.6 71 35.9  < 0.001
Tachypnoea (> 20 breaths/min) 10/31 32.3 8/121 6.6 0/46 0.0 18 9.1  < 0.001
Prostration 19/31 61.3 40/121 33.1 2/46 4.3 61 30.8  < 0.001
Dehydration 17/31 54.8 37/121 30.6 6/46 13.0 60 30.3  < 0.001
Jaundice 13/31 41.9 15/121 12.4 4/46 8.7 32 16.2  < 0.001
Hepatomegaly 13/31 41.9 18/121 14.9 5/46 10.9 36 18.2  < 0.001
Splenomegaly 5/31 16.1 11/121 9.1 5/46 10.9 21 10.6 0.524
Total 31/32 96.9 121/122 99.2 46/49 93.9 198/203 97.5