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Table 4 Laboratory findings in patients with malaria

From: Epidemiology and clinical features of imported malaria: a 14-year retrospective single-centre descriptive study in Prague, Czech Republic

Laboratory parameter Severe P. falciparum malaria Non-complicated P. falciparum malaria Non-falciparum malaria P value
Median IQR Median IQR Median IQR
WBC (× 109/l) 6.0 4.7–7.9 5.0 3.9–6.4 4.9 3.7–6.3 0.011
ANC (× 109/l) 4.6 3.6–6.8 3.6 2.6–4.7 2.7 1.9–4.1  < 0.001
ALC (× 109/l) 0.8 0.4–1.0 0.7 0.4–1.1 0.8 0.6–1.5 0.047
AMC (× 109/l) 0.4 0.2–0.6 0.4 0.3–0.7 0.6 0.4–0.9 0.002
Hb (g/l) 138 119–149 146 132–155 139 121–145 0.002
HCT (1/1) 0.389 0.329–0.426 0.418 0.385–0.448 0.391 0.361–0.419  < 0.001
PLT (× 109/l) 32 17–70 98 60–145 95 68–131  < 0.001
CRP (mg/l) 167.4 135.5–246.9 76.2 31.7–139.7 74.6 44.1–148.1  < 0.001
Glycemia 6.4 5.2–7.5 6.0 5.3–6.9 5.7 5.1–6.2 0.167
Na (mmol/l) 133 129–136 135 133–138 137 135–139  < 0.001
K (mmol/l) 3.9 3.6–4.3 3.8 3.6–4.0 3.9 3.7–4.2 0.239
Cl (mmol/l) 99 97–104 100 98–103 103 100–105 0.018
BUN (mmol/l) 8.9 5.4–13.4 5.6 4.1–6.5 4.7 3.6–6.0  < 0.001
Cr (μmol/l) 111 90–161 99 82–112 90 82–106 0.005
Bilirubin (mmol/l) 51 33–106 23 17–35 23 17–29  < 0.001
AST (μkat/l) 1.27 0.88–2.26 0.70 0.52–1.05 0.54 0.39–0.86  < 0.001
ALT (μkat/l) 0.93 0.67–1.43 0.66 0.45–1.23 0.65 0.40–1.08 0.063
ALP (μkat/l) 1.41 1.12–1.74 1.24 0.97–1.60 1.20 1.04–1.66 0.231
GGT (μkat/l) 1.21 0.55–1.70 0.86 0.42–1.71 0.63 0.33–2.11 0.466
INR 1.18 1.13–1.35 1.13 1.05–1.22 1.11 1.06–1.23 0.042
APTT 1.29 1.13–1.38 1.10 1.00–1.23 1.22 1.06–1.32 0.002
  1. WBC white blood cell count, ANC absolute neutrophil count, ALC absolute lymphocyte count, AMC absolute monocyte count, Hb haemoglobin, HCT haematocrit, PLT platelet count, CRP C-reactive protein, BUN blood urea nitrogen, Cr creatinine, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, ALP alkaline phosphatase, GGT gamma-glutamyl transferase, INR international normalized ratio, APTT activated partial thromboplastin time ratio