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  1. Although maternal anaemia often stems from malaria infection during pregnancy, its effects on foetal haemoglobin levels are not straightforward. Lower-than-expected cord haemoglobin values in malarious versus ...

    Authors: Elizabeth T Abrams, Jesse J Kwiek, Victor Mwapasa, Deborah D Kamwendo, Eyob Tadesse, Valentino M Lema, Malcolm E Molyneux, Stephen J Rogerson and Steven R Meshnick

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:39

    Content type: Research

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  2. IL-1β and IL-1RA levels are higher in the serum of cerebral malaria patients than in patients with mild malaria. Recently, the level of IL1B expression was reported to be influenced by a polymorphism in the promo...

    Authors: Jun Ohashi, Izumi Naka, Akihiro Doi, Jintana Patarapotikul, Hathairad Hananantachai, Noppadon Tangpukdee, Sornchai Looareesuwan and Katsushi Tokunaga

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:38

    Content type: Research

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  3. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) reduce malaria morbidity and mortality, but use is limited. A barrier to ITN use may be lack of knowledge regarding malaria transmission and prevention. This study is a controll...

    Authors: Michelle Rhee, Mahamadou Sissoko, Sharon Perry, Willi McFarland, Julie Parsonnet and Ogobara Doumbo

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:35

    Content type: Research

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  4. Malaria is the largest cause of health services attendance, hospital admissions and child deaths in Tanzania. At the Abuja Summit in April 2000 Tanzania committed itself to protect 60% of its population at hig...

    Authors: Stephen M Magesa, Christian Lengeler, Don deSavigny, Jane E Miller, Ritha JA Njau, Karen Kramer, Andrew Kitua and Alex Mwita

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:34

    Content type: Case study

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  5. Pools of salt water and puddles created by giant waves from the sea due to the tsunami that occurred on 26th December 2004 would facilitate increased breeding of brackish water malaria vector, Anopheles sundaicus

    Authors: Kaliannagoun Krishnamoorthy, Purushothaman Jambulingam, R Natarajan, AN Shriram, Pradeep K Das and SC Sehgal

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:32

    Content type: Research

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  6. Intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy (IPTp) is a key intervention in the national strategy for malaria control in Tanzania. SP, the current drug of choice, is recommended to be adminis...

    Authors: Godfrey Mubyazi, Paul Bloch, Mathias Kamugisha, Andrew Kitua and Jasper Ijumba

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:31

    Content type: Research

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  7. The coverage of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) remains low despite existing distribution strategies, hence, it was important to assess consumers' preferences for distribution of ITNs, as well as their percept...

    Authors: Obinna Onwujekwe, Benjamin Uzochukwu, Nkoli Ezumah and Elvis Shu

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:29

    Content type: Research

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  8. Malaria has always been a major public health problem in Yemen. Several studies in developing countries have demonstrated ineffective and poor quality drugs including antimalarials. Therefore, quality assessme...

    Authors: Ahmed Abdo-Rabbo, Amal Bassili and Hoda Atta

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:28

    Content type: Research

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  9. There is a low incidence of malaria in Iquitos, Peru, suburbs detected by passive case-detection. This low incidence might be attributable to infections clustered in some households/regions and/or undetected a...

    Authors: OraLee Branch, W Martin Casapia, Dionicia V Gamboa, Jean N Hernandez, Freddy F Alava, Norma Roncal, Eugenia Alvarez, Enrique J Perez and Eduardo Gotuzzo

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:27

    Content type: Research

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  10. Plasmodium falciparum outbreaks can occur in the coastal area of French Guiana, where the population is essentially non-immune. Two sporadic outbreaks were observed, including one with severe malaria cases. To ch...

    Authors: Eric Legrand, Beatrice Volney, Anne Lavergne, Caroline Tournegros, Loïc Florent, Doris Accrombessi, Micheline Guillotte, Odile Mercereau-Puijalon and Philippe Esterre

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:26

    Content type: Research

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  11. Pyrethroid resistant mosquitoes are becoming increasingly common in parts of Africa. It is important to identify alternative insecticides which, if necessary, could be used to replace or supplement the pyrethr...

    Authors: Alex N Asidi, Raphael N' Guessan, Alphonsine A Koffi, Christopher F Curtis, Jean-Marc Hougard, Fabrice Chandre, Vincent Corbel, Frédéric Darriet, Morteza Zaim and Mark W Rowland

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:25

    Content type: Research

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  12. Mosquitoes commute between blood-meal hosts and water. Thus, heterogeneity in human biting reflects underlying spatial heterogeneity in the distribution and suitability of larval habitat as well as inherent di...

    Authors: Arnaud Le Menach, F Ellis McKenzie, Antoine Flahault and David L Smith

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:23

    Content type: Research

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  13. Parasites causing severe malaria in non-immune patients express a restricted subset of variant surface antigens (VSA), which are better recognized by immune sera than VSA expressed during non-severe disease in...

    Authors: Thomas Lavstsen, Pamela Magistrado, Cornelus C Hermsen, Ali Salanti, Anja TR Jensen, Robert Sauerwein, Lars Hviid, Thor G Theander and Trine Staalsoe

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:21

    Content type: Research

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  14. Plasmodium vivax is the second most prevalent malaria parasite affecting more than 75 million people each year, mostly in South America and Asia. In addition to major morbidity this parasite is associated with re...

    Authors: Mallika Imwong, Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Anne Charlotte Grüner, Laurent Rénia, Frank Letourneur, Sornchai Looareesuwan, Nicholas J White and Georges Snounou

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:20

    Content type: Methodology

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  15. A single base pair mutation in the sodium channel confers knock-down resistance to pyrethroids in many insect species. Its occurrence in Anopheles mosquitoes may have important implications for malaria vector con...

    Authors: Amy Lynd, Hilary Ranson, P J McCall, Nadine P Randle, William C Black IV, Edward D Walker and Martin J Donnelly

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:16

    Content type: Methodology

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  16. The treatment for Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Sudan has been in process of change since 2003. Preceding the change, this study aimed to determine which artemisinin-based combination therapies is more effecti...

    Authors: Ingrid van den Broek, Ribka Amsalu, Manica Balasegaram, Pamela Hepple, Engudaye Alemu, El Badri Hussein, Muhammed Al-Faith, Jacqui Montgomery and Francesco Checchi

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:14

    Content type: Research

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  17. There are already 40 cities in Africa with over 1 million inhabitants and the United Nations Environmental Programme estimates that by 2025 over 800 million people will live in urban areas. Recognizing that ma...

    Authors: Martin J Donnelly, PJ McCall, Christian Lengeler, Imelda Bates, Umberto D'Alessandro, Guy Barnish, Flemming Konradsen, Eveline Klinkenberg, Harold Townson, Jean-Francois Trape, Ian M Hastings and Clifford Mutero

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:12

    Content type: Commentary

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  18. Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi can be considered as a rodent model of human malaria parasites in the genetic analysis of important characters such as drug resistance and immunity. Despite the availability of some g...

    Authors: Axel Martinelli, Paul Hunt, Richard Fawcett, Pedro VL Cravo, David Walliker and Richard Carter

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:11

    Content type: Research

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  19. Malaria takes a heavy toll in Niger, one of the world's poorest countries. Previous evaluations conducted in the context of the strategy for the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness, showed that 84% of s...

    Authors: Françoise Gay-Andrieu, Eric Adehossi, Véronique Lacroix, Moussa Gagara, Maman Laminou Ibrahim, Hama Kourna and Hamadou Boureima

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:10

    Content type: Research

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  20. Three cases of nosocomial malaria are reported from patients of the Internal Medicine Ward of a tertiary University teaching hospital in Medellin, Colombia. Epidemiological research, based on entomological cap...

    Authors: Lina González, Jesus Ochoa, Liliana Franco, Marta Arroyave, Eliana Restrepo, Silvia Blair and Amanda Maestre

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:9

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Following the tsunami, a detailed overview of the area specific transmission levels is essential in assessing the risk of malaria in Sri Lanka. Recent information on vector insecticide resistance, parasite dru...

    Authors: Olivier JT Briët, Gawrie NL Galappaththy, Flemming Konradsen, Priyanie H Amerasinghe and Felix P Amerasinghe

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:8

    Content type: Research

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  22. Mosquitoes sampling is an important component in malaria control. However, most of the methods used have several shortcomings and hence there is a need to develop and calibrate new methods. The Mbita trap for ...

    Authors: Evan M Mathenge, Gedion O Misiani, David O Oulo, Lucy W Irungu, Paul N Ndegwa, Tom A Smith, Gerry F Killeen and Bart GJ Knols

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:7

    Content type: Research

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  23. Periodic epidemics of malaria are a major public health problem for many sub-Saharan African countries. Populations in epidemic prone areas have a poorly developed immunity to malaria and the disease remains l...

    Authors: Emily Grover-Kopec, Mika Kawano, Robert W Klaver, Benno Blumenthal, Pietro Ceccato and Stephen J Connor

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:6

    Content type: Commentary

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  24. Polyclonal B-cell activation is well known to occur in Plasmodium infections, but its role in pathogenesis or protection remains unclear. However, protective properties of natural antibodies have previously been ...

    Authors: Constantin Fesel, Luis F Goulart, Adolfo Silva Neto, Alysson Coelho, Cor Jesus F Fontes, Erika M Braga and Nelson M Vaz

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:5

    Content type: Research

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  25. By 2030, more than 50% of the African population will live in urban areas. Controlling malaria reduces the disease burden and further improves economic development. As a complement to treated nets and prompt a...

    Authors: Michael A Sattler, Deo Mtasiwa, Michael Kiama, Zul Premji, Marcel Tanner, Gerry F Killeen and Christian Lengeler

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:4

    Content type: Research

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  26. Most studies on the resistance of mosquitoes to their malaria parasites focus on the response of a mosquito line or colony against a single parasite genotype. In natural situations, however, it may be expected...

    Authors: Louis Lambrechts, Jean Halbert, Patrick Durand, Louis C Gouagna and Jacob C Koella

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:3

    Content type: Research

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  27. Malaria continues to claim one to two million lives a year, mainly those of children in sub-Saharan Africa. Reduction in mortality depends, in part, on improving the quality of hospital care, the training of h...

    Authors: Arnaud Dzeing-Ella, Pascal C Nze Obiang, Rose Tchoua, Timothy Planche, Béatrice Mboza, Monique Mbounja, Ulrich Muller-Roemer, Joseph Jarvis, Eric Kendjo, Edouard Ngou-Milama, Peter G Kremsner, Sanjeev Krishna and Maryvonne Kombila

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:1

    Content type: Research

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  28. The expression of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli is an important and frequently used tool within malaria research, however, this method remains problematic. High A/T versus C/G content and frequent lysi...

    Authors: Kirsten Flick, Sanjay Ahuja, Arnaud Chene, Maria Teresa Bejarano and Qijun Chen

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:50

    Content type: Methodology

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  29. Sphingolipids are key molecules regulating many essential functions in eukaryotic cells and ceramide plays a central role in sphingolipid metabolism. A sphingolipid metabolism occurs in the intraerythrocytic s...

    Authors: Mehdi Labaied, Arie Dagan, Marc Dellinger, Marc Gèze, Stéphane Egée, Serge L Thomas, Chunbo Wang, Shimon Gatt and Philippe Grellier

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:49

    Content type: Research

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  30. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are an integral component of malaria control programmes in Africa. How much pyrethroid resistance in malaria vectors will impact on the efficacy of ITNs is controversial. The pu...

    Authors: Josiane Etang, Fabrice Chandre, Pierre Guillet and Lucien Manga

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:46

    Content type: Research

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  31. The entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae is being considered as a biocontrol agent for adult African malaria vectors. In the laboratory, work was carried out to assess whether horizontal transmission of...

    Authors: Ernst-Jan Scholte, Bart GJ Knols and Willem Takken

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:45

    Content type: Research

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  32. Timely and accurate information about the onset of malaria epidemics is essential for effective control activities in epidemic-prone regions. Early warning methods that provide earlier alerts (usually by the u...

    Authors: Hailay D Teklehaimanot, Joel Schwartz, Awash Teklehaimanot and Marc Lipsitch

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:44

    Content type: Research

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  33. Helminthic infections concomitant with malaria are common in inter-tropical areas. A recent study showed that mice co-infected with Schistosoma mansoni and Plasmodium chabaudi develop higher P. chabaudi parasitae...

    Authors: Cheikh Sokhna, Jean-Yves Le Hesran, Pape A Mbaye, Jean Akiana, Pape Camara, Mamadou Diop, Abdoulaye Ly and Pierre Druilhe

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:43

    Content type: Research

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  34. To reduce the intolerable burden of malaria in pregnancy, the Ministry of Health in Tanzania has recently adopted a policy of intermittent presumptive treatment for pregnant women using sulphadoxine-pyrimetham...

    Authors: Rhoida Y Nganda, Chris Drakeley, Hugh Reyburn and Tanya Marchant

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:42

    Content type: Research

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  35. Malaria epidemics due to Plasmodium falciparum are reported frequently in the East African highlands with high case fatality rates. There have been formal attempts to predict epidemics by the use of climatic vari...

    Authors: Hailay D Teklehaimanot, Marc Lipsitch, Awash Teklehaimanot and Joel Schwartz

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:41

    Content type: Research

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  36. Plasmodium vivax, although causing a less serious disease than Plasmodium falciparum, is the most widespread of the four human malarial species. Further to the recent recrudescence of P. vivax cases in the Newly ...

    Authors: Marie Claude Leclerc, Michela Menegon, Alexandra Cligny, Jean Louis Noyer, Suleyman Mammadov, Namig Aliyev, Elkhan Gasimov, Giancarlo Majori and Carlo Severini

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2004 3:40

    Content type: Review

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