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  1. There is much emphasis on social marketing as a means of scaling up coverage with insecticide-treated nets and the question has arisen whether nets provided free-of-charge will be looked after by householders.

    Authors: CA Maxwell, RT Rwegoshora, SM Magesa and CF Curtis

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:44

    Content type: Opinion

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  2. The therapeutic efficacy of artesunate plus amodiaquine and artemether/lumefantrine were assessed in an area of Nigeria with high levels of Plasmodium falciparum resistance to chloroquine and sulphadoxine-pyrimet...

    Authors: Martin Meremikwu, Ambrose Alaribe, Regina Ejemot, Angela Oyo-Ita, John Ekenjoku, Chukwuemeka Nwachukwu, Donald Ordu and Emmanuel Ezedinachi

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:43

    Content type: Research

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  3. One year ago, the authors of this article reported in this journal on the malaria situation in Sri Lanka prior to the tsunami that hit on 26 December 2004, and estimated the likelihood of a post-tsunami malari...

    Authors: Olivier JT Briët, Gawrie NL Galappaththy, Priyanie H Amerasinghe and Flemming Konradsen

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:42

    Content type: Commentary

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  4. In 2002, home-based management of fever (HBMF) was introduced in Uganda, to improve access to prompt, effective antimalarial treatment of all fevers in children under 5 years. Implementation is through communi...

    Authors: Jan H Kolaczinski, Naptalis Ojok, John Opwonya, Sylvia Meek and Andrew Collins

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:40

    Content type: Research

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  5. The successful development of odour-baited trapping systems for mosquitoes depends on the identification of behaviourally active semiochemicals, besides the design and operating principles of such devices. A l...

    Authors: Basilio N Njiru, Wolfgang R Mukabana, Willem Takken and Bart GJ Knols

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:39

    Content type: Research

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  6. Malaria remains a major public health threat to more than 600 million Africans and its control is recognized as critical to achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The greatest burden of malaria in Africa ...

    Authors: Emily K Grover-Kopec, M Benno Blumenthal, Pietro Ceccato, Tufa Dinku, Judy A Omumbo and Stephen J Connor

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:38

    Content type: Commentary

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  7. Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) are an effective and cost-effective means of malaria control. Scaling-up coverage of ITNs is challenging. It requires substantial resources and there are a number of strategies ...

    Authors: Jan Kolaczinski and Kara Hanson

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:37

    Content type: Review

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  8. As efforts are currently underway to roll-out insecticide-treated bednets (ITNs) to populations within malarious areas in Africa, there is an unprecedented need for data to measure the effectiveness of such pr...

    Authors: Thomas P Eisele, Kate Macintyre, Josh Yukich and Tewolde Ghebremeskel

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:36

    Content type: Research

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  9. The associations between the immatures of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae), its M and S forms, and Anopheles arabiensis among and within larval breeding habitats in Banambani, Mali were investigated un...

    Authors: Frances E Edillo, Frederic Tripét, Yeya T Touré, Gregory C Lanzaro, Guimogo Dolo and Charles E Taylor

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:35

    Content type: Research

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  10. Because of its dramatic public health impact, Plasmodium falciparum resistance to chloroquine (CQ) has been documented early on. Chloroquine-resistance (CQR) emerged in the late 1950's independently in South East...

    Authors: Frédéric Ariey, Thierry Fandeur, Remy Durand, Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia, Ronan Jambou, Eric Legrand, Marie Thérèse Ekala, Christiane Bouchier, Sandrine Cojean, Jean Bernard Duchemin, Vincent Robert, Jacques Le Bras and Odile Mercereau-Puijalon

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:34

    Content type: Research

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  11. Malaria is a huge public health problem in Africa that is responsible for more than one million deaths annually. In line with the Roll Back Malaria initiative and the Abuja Declaration, Eritrea and other Afric...

    Authors: Peter M Nyarango, Tewolde Gebremeskel, Goitom Mebrahtu, Jacob Mufunda, Usman Abdulmumini, Andom Ogbamariam, Andrew Kosia, Andemariam Gebremichael, Disanayike Gunawardena, Yohannes Ghebrat and Yahannes Okbaldet

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:33

    Content type: Research

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  12. Malaria has come near eradication at archipelago of Cabo Verde in 1970. Infections are now only observed in Santiago, where outbreaks occur. In these islands, malaria is considered by the international communi...

    Authors: Joana Alves, Ana Luísa Roque, Pedro Cravo, Tomás Valdez, Tomas Jelinek, Virgílio E do Rosário and Ana Paula Arez

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:32

    Content type: Research

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  13. Malaria vaccine efficacy may be compromised if the frequency of non-target alleles increases following vaccination with a genetically polymorphic target. Methods are needed to monitor genetic diversity in poly...

    Authors: Shannon L Takala, David L Smith, O Colin Stine, Drissa Coulibaly, Mahamadou A Thera, Ogobara K Doumbo and Christopher V Plowe

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:31

    Content type: Methodology

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  14. The fixed dose combination atovaquone-proguanil is a recently introduced antimalarial for treatment and prophylaxis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. It is highly effective with a good tolerability profile and a ...

    Authors: Sónia Pimentel, Fátima Nogueira, Carla Benchimol, Vatúsia Quinhentos, Joana Bom, Luís Varandas, Virgílio do Rosário and Luís Bernardino

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:30

    Content type: Research

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  15. Currently, there is a significant lack of knowledge concerning urban malaria patterns in general and in Abidjan in particular. The prevalence of malaria, its distribution in the city and the fractions of fever...

    Authors: Shr-Jie Wang, Christian Lengeler, Thomas A Smith, Penelope Vounatsou, Guéladio Cissé and Marcel Tanner

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:29

    Content type: Research

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  16. The study of urban malaria is an area undergoing rapid expansion, after many years of neglect. The problem of over-diagnosis of malaria, especially in low transmission settings including urban areas, is also r...

    Authors: Léon Paul Rabarijaona, Frédéric Ariey, Robert Matra, Sylvie Cot, Andrianavalona Lucie Raharimalala, Louise Henriette Ranaivo, Jacques Le Bras, Vincent Robert and Milijaona Randrianarivelojosia

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:27

    Content type: Research

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  17. Recently global health advocates have called for the introduction of artemisinin-containing antimalarial combination therapies to help curb the impact of drug-resistant malaria in Africa. Retail trade in artem...

    Authors: S Patrick Kachur, Carolyn Black, Salim Abdulla and Catherine Goodman

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:25

    Content type: Research

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  18. Plasmodium falciparum drug resistance represents a major health problem in malaria endemic countries. The mechanisms of resistance are not fully elucidated. Recently, an association between putative transporter g...

    Authors: Sandrine Cojean, Alain Noël, Dimitri Garnier, Véronique Hubert, Jacques Le Bras and Rémy Durand

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:24

    Content type: Research

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  19. The Plasmodium species that infect rodents, particularly Plasmodium berghei and Plasmodium yoelii, are useful to investigate host-parasite interactions. The mosquito species that act as vectors of human plasmodia...

    Authors: Friedrich Frischknecht, Beatrice Martin, Isabelle Thiery, Catherine Bourgouin and Robert Menard

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:23

    Content type: Methodology

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  20. Malaria transmission varies from one country to another and there are also local differences in time and space. An important variable when explaining the variability in transmission is the breeding behaviour o...

    Authors: Jorge Cano, Miguel Ángel Descalzo, Marta Moreno, Zhaoguo Chen, Sisinio Nzambo, Leonardo Bobuakasi, Jesús N Buatiche, Melchor Ondo, Francisco Micha and Agustín Benito

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:21

    Content type: Research

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  21. Malaria is an annual killer of over one million people globally and its essential co-morbidity is anaemia. Cord blood, because of its rich mix of foetal and adult haemoglobin, high platelet and WBC counts, hyp...

    Authors: Niranjan Bhattacharya

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:20

    Content type: Methodology

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  22. Knowledge of the ecological differences between the molecular forms of Anopheles gambiae and their sibling species, An. arabiensis might lead to understanding their unique contribution to disease transmission and...

    Authors: Alpha S Yaro, Adama Dao, Abdoulaye Adamou, Jacob E Crawford, José MC Ribeiro, Robert Gwadz, Sekou F Traoré and Tovi Lehmann

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:19

    Content type: Research

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  23. Studies of malaria in well-defined cohorts offer important data about the epidemiology of this complex disease, but few have been done in urban African populations. To generate a sampling frame for a longitudi...

    Authors: Jennifer C Davis, Tamara D Clark, Sarah K Kemble, Nalugwa Talemwa, Denise Njama-Meya, Sarah G Staedke and Grant Dorsey

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:18

    Content type: Methodology

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  24. Malaria cases on the highlands west of Mount Kenya have been noticed since 10 – 20 years ago. It was not clear whether these cases were introduced from the nearby lowland or resulted from local transmission be...

    Authors: Hong Chen, Andrew K Githeko, Guofa Zhou, John I Githure and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:17

    Content type: Research

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  25. Appropriate monitoring of vector resistance to insecticides is an integral component of planning and evaluation of insecticide use in malaria control programmes. The malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Ano...

    Authors: Katrijn Verhaeghen, Wim Van Bortel, Patricia Roelants, Thierry Backeljau and Marc Coosemans

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:16

    Content type: Methodology

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  26. Evaluate the frequency of failure of eight treatments for non-complicated malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum in patients from Turbo (Urabá region), El Bagre and Zaragoza (Bajo Cauca region), applying the 199...

    Authors: Silvia Blair, Jaime Carmona-Fonseca, Juan G Piñeros, Alexandra Ríos, Tania Álvarez, Gonzalo Álvarez and Alberto Tobón

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:14

    Content type: Research

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  27. In the past two decades the east African highlands have experienced several major malaria epidemics. Currently there is a renewed interest in exploring the possibility of anopheline larval control through envi...

    Authors: Emmanuel Mushinzimana, Stephen Munga, Noboru Minakawa, Li Li, Chen-chieh Feng, Ling Bian, Uriel Kitron, Cindy Schmidt, Louisa Beck, Guofa Zhou, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:13

    Content type: Research

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  28. The development of mosquito nets pre-treated with insecticide, Long Lasting Impregnated Nets (LLINs) that last the life span of the net, is a solution to the difficulty of the re-impregnation of conventional n...

    Authors: Roch K Dabiré, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Thierry Baldet, Léa Paré-Toé, Robert T Guiguemdé, Jean-Bosco Ouédraogo and Ole Skovmand

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:12

    Content type: Research

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  29. Ferroquine (FQ), or SSR97193, is a novel antimalarial drug currently in phase I clinical trials. FQ is a unique organometallic compound designed to overcome the chloroquine (CQ) resistance problem. FQ revealed...

    Authors: Wassim Daher, Christophe Biot, Thierry Fandeur, Helene Jouin, Lydie Pelinski, Eric Viscogliosi, Laurent Fraisse, Bruno Pradines, Jacques Brocard, Jamal Khalife and Daniel Dive

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:11

    Content type: Research

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  30. On the island of Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) have been the main tool used to control malaria over the last 13 years. In 2004, started an indoor residual spraying (IRS) campaign t...

    Authors: Gema Pardo, Miguel Angel Descalzo, Laura Molina, Estefanía Custodio, Magdalena Lwanga, Catalina Mangue, Jaquelina Obono, Araceli Nchama, Jesús Roche, Agustín Benito and Jorge Cano

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:10

    Content type: Research

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  31. Integrated vector management (IVM) for malaria control requires ecological skills that are very scarce and rarely applied in Africa today. Partnerships between communities and academic ecologists can address t...

    Authors: W Richard Mukabana, Khadija Kannady, G Michael Kiama, Jasper N Ijumba, Evan M Mathenge, Ibrahim Kiche, Gamba Nkwengulila, Leonard Mboera, Deo Mtasiwa, Yoichi Yamagata, Ingeborg van Schayk, Bart GJ Knols, Steven W Lindsay, Marcia Caldas de Castro, Hassan Mshinda, Marcel Tanner…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:9

    Content type: Opinion

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  32. Identification and better understanding of potential risk factors for malaria are important for targeted and cost-effective health interventions. Housing conditions have been suggested as one of the potential ...

    Authors: Yazoumé Yé, Moshe Hoshen, Valérie Louis, Simboro Séraphin, Issouf Traoré and Rainer Sauerborn

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:8

    Content type: Research

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  33. Analysis of malaria imported into eight European countries from the Indian sub-continent (ISC) (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka) led to a consensus statement on the use of chemoprophylaxis within Tro...

    Authors: RH Behrens, Z Bisoffi, A Björkman, J Gascon, C Hatz, T Jelinek, F Legros, N Mühlberger and P Voltersvik

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:7

    Content type: Commentary

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  34. Insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN) provide real hope for the reduction of the malaria burden across Africa. Understanding factors that determine access to ITN is crucial to debates surrounding the optimal deli...

    Authors: Abdisalan M Noor, Judith A Omumbo, Abdinasir A Amin, Dejan Zurovac and Robert W Snow

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:5

    Content type: Research

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  35. There is a need for improved targeting of antimalarial treatment if artemisinin combination therapy is to be successfully introduced in Africa. This study aimed to explore why malaria slides are requested and ...

    Authors: Hugh Reyburn, John Ruanda, Ombeni Mwerinde and Chris Drakeley

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:4

    Content type: Research

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  36. Malaria is by far the greatest cause of morbidity and mortality in Angola, being responsible for 50% of all outpatient attendance and around 22% of all hospital deaths, yet by 2003 only 2% of under-5s used ins...

    Authors: Nelson Cuamba, Kwang Shik Choi and Harold Townson

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:2

    Content type: Research

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  37. Evaluating copy numbers of given genes in Plasmodium falciparum parasites is of major importance for laboratory-based studies or epidemiological surveys. For instance, pfmdr1 gene amplification has been associate...

    Authors: Isabel D Ferreira, Virgílio E do Rosário and Pedro VL Cravo

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2006 5:1

    Content type: Methodology

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  38. Malaria afflicts 300–500 million people causing over 1 million deaths globally per year. The immunopathogenesis of malaria is mediated partly by co mplex cellular and immunomodulator interactions involving co-...

    Authors: Bismark Y Sarfo, Henry B Armah, Ikovwaiza Irune, Andrew A Adjei, Christine S Olver, Shailesh Singh, James W Lillard Jr and Jonathan K Stiles

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:63

    Content type: Research

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  39. In order to optimally prioritize and use public and private budgets for equitable malaria vector control, there is a need to determine the level and determinants of consumer demand for different vector control...

    Authors: Obinna Onwujekwe, El-Fatih Mohamed Malik, Sara Hassan Mustafa and Abraham Mnzava

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:62

    Content type: Research

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  40. Mutations in the haemoglobin beta-globin (HbB) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) genes cause widespread human genetic disorders such as sickle cell diseases and G6PD deficiency. In sub-Saharan Africa, ...

    Authors: Anders Enevold, Lasse S Vestergaard, John Lusingu, Chris J Drakeley, Martha M Lemnge, Thor G Theander, Ib C Bygbjerg and Michael Alifrangis

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:61

    Content type: Methodology

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  41. Alternative means of malaria control are urgently needed. Evaluating the effectiveness of measures that involve genetic manipulation of vector populations will be facilitated by identifying small, genetically ...

    Authors: Jonathan K Kayondo, Louis G Mukwaya, Aram Stump, Andrew P Michel, Mamadou B Coulibaly, Nora J Besansky and Frank H Collins

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:59

    Content type: Research

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  42. In Vietnam, a large proportion of all malaria cases and deaths occurs in the central mountainous and forested part of the country. Indeed, forest malaria, despite intensive control activities, is still a major...

    Authors: Annette Erhart, Ngo Duc Thang, Phan Van Ky, Ta Thi Tinh, Chantal Van Overmeir, Niko Speybroeck, Valerie Obsomer, Le Xuan Hung, Le Khanh Thuan, Marc Coosemans and Umberto D'alessandro

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2005 4:58

    Content type: Research

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