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  1. Malaria is a health problem not only in human and veterinary medicine, but also in wildlife. Several theoretical studies have suggested that avian malaria transmission might be increasing in Europe. However, t...

    Authors: Gediminas Valkiūnas, Mélanie Duc and Tatjana A. Iezhova
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:105
  2. Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is a WHO-recommended intervention for children aged 3–59 months living in areas of high malaria transmission to provide protection against malaria during the rainy season...

    Authors: Charlotte Ward, Abimbola Phillips, Olusola Oresanya, Gloria Olisenekwu, Ekundayo Arogunade, Azoukalné Moukénet, Honoré Beakgoubé, Vincent De Paul Allambademel, Cheick Saïd Compaoré, Adama Traoré, Jean-Bosco Ouedraogo, Yves Daniel Compaoré, Issaka Zongo, Laura Donovan, Monica Anna Decola, Helen Smith…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:103
  3. Between 2000 and 2019, more than 1.8 billion long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) were distributed in Africa. While the insecticidal durability of LLINs is around 3 years, nets are commonly discarded 2 years...

    Authors: Edith P. Madumla, Sarah J. Moore, Jason Moore, Emmanuel Mbuba, Edgar M. Mbeyela, Ummi A. Kibondo, Selemani C, Mmbaga, Dickson Kobe, Jitihada Baraka, Daniel Msellemu, Johnson K. Swai, Zawadi M. Mboma and Olukayode G. Odufuwa
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:101
  4. Progress towards malaria elimination has stagnated, partly because infections persisting at low parasite densities comprise a large reservoir contributing to ongoing malaria transmission and are difficult to d...

    Authors: Maxmillian Mpina, Thomas C. Stabler, Tobias Schindler, Jose Raso, Anna Deal, Ludmila Acuche Pupu, Elizabeth Nyakarungu, Maria del Carmen Ovono Davis, Vicente Urbano, Ali Mtoro, Ali Hamad, Maria Silvia A. Lopez, Beltran Pasialo, Marta Alene Owono Eyang, Matilde Riloha Rivas, Carlos Cortes Falla…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:99
  5. There is concern in the international community regarding the influence of climate change on weather variables and seasonality that, in part, determine the rates of malaria. This study examined the role of soc...

    Authors: Katarina Ost, Lea Berrang-Ford, Katherine Bishop-Williams, Margot Charette, Sherilee L. Harper, Shuaib Lwasa, Didacus B. Namanya, Yi Huang, Aaron B. Katz and Kristie Ebi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:98

    The Correction to this article has been published in Malaria Journal 2022 21:118

  6. Malaria is a devastating disease, transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes infected with Plasmodium parasites. Current insecticide-based strategies exist to control the spread of malaria by targeting vectors. H...

    Authors: Surina Maharaj, Elodie Ekoka, Erica Erlank, Luisa Nardini, Janette Reader, Lyn-Marie Birkholtz and Lizette L. Koekemoer
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:97
  7. Progress achieved by long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) against malaria is threatened by widespread selection of pyrethroid resistance among vector populations. LLINs with non-pyrethroid insecticides are u...

    Authors: Jackline L. Martin, Louisa A. Messenger, Franklin W. Mosha, Eliud Lukole, Jacklin F. Mosha, Manisha Kulkarni, Thomas S. Churcher, Ellie Sherrard-Smith, Alphaxard Manjurano, Natacha Protopopoff and Mark Rowland
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:96
  8. Dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine (DHA–PPQ) has been adopted as first-line therapy for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Indonesia since 2010. The efficacy of DHA–PPQ was evaluated in 2 sentinel sites in Keerom...

    Authors: Puji B. S. Asih, Ismail E. Rozi, Farahana K. Dewayanti, Suradi Wangsamuda, Syarifah Zulfah, Marthen Robaha, Jonny Hutahaean, Nancy D. Anggraeni, Marti Kusumaningsih, Pranti S. Mulyani, Elvieda Sariwati, Herdiana H. Basri, Maria Dorina G. Bustos and Din Syafruddin
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:95
  9. Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among forcibly displaced populations, including refugees, approximately two-thirds of whom reside in malaria endemic regions. Data from the rapid disease n...

    Authors: Kudzai Patience Takarinda, Simon Nyadundu, Emmanuel Govha, Notion Tafara Gombe, Addmore Chadambuka, Tsitsi Juru and Mufuta Tshimanga
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:94
  10. Adults with diabetes mellitus (DM) in malaria-endemic areas might be more susceptible to Plasmodium infection than healthy individuals. Herein, the study was aimed at verifying the hypothesis that increased fasti...

    Authors: Carol A. Abidha, Yaw Ampem Amoako, Richard King Nyamekye, George Bedu-Addo, Florian Grziwotz, Frank P. Mockenhaupt, Arndt Telschow and Ina Danquah
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:93
  11. To accelerate progress against malaria in high burden countries, a strategic reorientation of resources at the sub-national level is needed. This paper describes how mathematical modelling was used in mainland...

    Authors: Manuela Runge, Sumaiyya G. Thawer, Fabrizio Molteni, Frank Chacky, Sigsbert Mkude, Renata Mandike, Robert W. Snow, Christian Lengeler, Ally Mohamed and Emilie Pothin
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:92
  12. Few studies have been conducted to investigate the distribution of mosquito vectors and the population structure of secondary vectors in the border region of Cambodia-Laos. The aim of this work was to study th...

    Authors: Yilong Zhang, Canglin Zhang, Rui Yang, Chunhai Luo, Yan Deng, Yan Liu, Yilong Zhang, Hongning Zhou and Dongmei Zhang
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:91
  13. India has a substantial burden of malaria, concentrated in specific areas and population groups. Spatio-temporal modelling of deaths due to malaria in India is a critical tool for identifying high-risk groups ...

    Authors: Sayantee Jana, Sze Hang Fu, Hellen Gelband, Patrick Brown and Prabhat Jha
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:90
  14. The zoonotic malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi has emerged across Southeast Asia and is now the main cause of malaria in humans in Malaysia. A critical priority for P. knowlesi surveillance and control is unde...

    Authors: Pablo Ruiz Cuenca, Stephanie Key, Kim A. Lindblade, Indra Vythilingam, Chris Drakeley and Kimberly Fornace
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:89
  15. Molecular and genomic surveillance is becoming increasingly used to track malaria control and elimination efforts. Blood samples can be collected as whole blood and stored at − 20 °C until DNA extraction, or a...

    Authors: Aurel Holzschuh and Cristian Koepfli
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:88
  16. Despite freely distributed insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and health information campaigns to increase their use among populations at risk, malaria transmission persists in forested areas in Vietnam, especial...

    Authors: Thuan Thi Nguyen, Xa Xuan Nguyen, Marta Wilson-Barthes, Ikumi Sawada, Joan Muela, Susanna Hausmann-Muela, Thanh Vinh Pham, Hong Van Nguyen, Van Van Nguyen, Duong Thanh Tran, Charlotte Gryseels, Umberto D’Alessandro, Koen Peeters Grietens and Annette Erhart
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:87
  17. Ayeyarwady Region in Myanmar has made significant progress towards malaria elimination, with cases decreasing from 12,312 in 2015 to 122 in 2019. As transmission declines, malaria becomes increasingly focalize...

    Authors: Jillian Dunning, Nang Khaing Zar Aung, Abigail Ward, Moe Moe Aye, Christopher Lourenço, Sarah Gallalee, Stephen Lavenberg, Arnaud Le Menach, Myat Min Tun and Aung Thi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:86
  18. Distribution of long-lasting insecticidal bed nets (LLINs) is one of the main control strategies for malaria. Improving malaria prevention programmes requires understanding usage patterns in households receivi...

    Authors: Guibehi B. Koudou, April Monroe, Seth R. Irish, Michael Humes, Joseph D. Krezanoski, Hannah Koenker, David Malone, Janet Hemingway and Paul J. Krezanoski
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:85
  19. Primaquine is a pro-drug and its active metabolite is potent against mature Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes. Primaquine is metabolized by a highly polymorphic cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) enzyme. Mutations in t...

    Authors: Richard Owden Mwaiswelo, Billy Ngasala, Dominick Msolo, Eliningaya Kweka, Bruno P. Mmbando and Andreas Mårtensson
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:84
  20. Resistance to anti-malarials is a serious threat to the efforts to control and eliminate malaria. Surveillance based on simple field protocols with centralized testing to detect molecular markers associated wi...

    Authors: Sukanta Das, Clément Kérah-Hinzoumbé, Moundiné Kebféné, Suttipat Srisutham, Tog-Yeum Nagorngar, Naowarat Saralamba, Ranitha Vongpromek, Teeradet Khomvarn, Carol H. Sibley, Philippe J. Guérin, Mallika Imwong and Mehul Dhorda
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:83
  21. Accurately testing, treating, and tracking all malaria cases is critical to achieving elimination. Ensuring health providers are able and motivated to test, treat, and report cases is a necessary component of ...

    Authors: Morgan Brown, Paul Bouanchaud, Kemi Tesfazghi, Saysana Phanalasy, May Me Thet, Hoa Nguyen and Jennifer Wheeler
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:82
  22. Under-five malaria in Nigeria is a leading cause of global child mortality, accounting for 95,000 annual child deaths. High out-of-pocket medical expenditure contributes to under-five malaria mortality by disc...

    Authors: Rishav Raj Dasgupta, Wenhui Mao and Osondu Ogbuoji
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:81
  23. Transmission of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa has become increasingly stratified following decades of malaria control interventions. The extent to which environmental and land cover risk factors for malaria ma...

    Authors: Cedar L. Mitchell, Billy Ngasala, Mark M. Janko, Frank Chacky, Jessie K. Edwards, Brian W. Pence, Ally Mohamed, Lwidiko E. Mhamilawa, Twilumba Makene, Thwai Kyaw, Fabrizio Molteni, Humphrey Mkali, Ssanyu Nyinondi, Bilali Kabula, Naomi Serbantez, Erin L. Eckert…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:80
  24. The need to start treatment early for pregnant women who present with clinical features of malaria usually conflicts with the need to confirm diagnosis by microscopy (MP) before treatment, due to delays in obt...

    Authors: Cliford Ebontane Ebong, Innocent Mbulli Ali, Hortence Jeanne Fouedjio, Estelle Essangui, Dorothy Fosah Achu, Ayong Lawrence and Dohbit Sama
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:78
  25. The populations of moderate or highly malaria endemic areas gradually acquire some immunity to malaria as a result of repeated exposure to the infection. When this exposure is reduced as a result of effective ...

    Authors: Brian Greenwood, Issaka Zongo, Alassane Dicko, Daniel Chandramohan, Robert W. Snow and Christian Ockenhouse
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:77
  26. Mozambique is a malaria endemic country with an estimated prevalence of malaria in children 6–59 months old that is twice as high in rural areas (46.0%) as in urban areas (18.0%). However, only 46.0% of women ...

    Authors: Gerson Afai, Erika Valeska Rossetto, Cynthia Semá Baltazar, Baltazar Candrinho, Abuchahama Saifodine and Rose Zulliger
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:76
  27. Malaria remains a major public health threat and tools sensitive to detect infections in low malaria transmission areas are needed to progress elimination efforts. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to...

    Authors: A. D. V. Tharkeshi T. Dharmaratne, Saber Dini, Katherine O’Flaherty, David J. Price, James Beeson, Rose McGready, Francois Nosten, Freya J. I. Fowkes, Julie A. Simpson and Sophie G. Zaloumis
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:75
  28. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides protocols for the diagnosis of malaria. One of them is related to the staining process of blood samples to guarantee the correct parasite visualization. Ensuring th...

    Authors: W. M. Fong Amaris, Carol Martinez, Liliana J. Cortés-Cortés and Daniel R. Suárez
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:74
  29. Community case management of malaria (CCMm) is an equity-focused strategy that complements and extends the reach of health services by providing timely and effective management of malaria to populations with l...

    Authors: Enock Marita, Bernard Langat, Teresa Kinyari, Patrick Igunza, Donald Apat, Josephat Kimori, Jane Carter, Richard Kiplimo and Samuel Muhula
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:73
  30. The STECLA strain of Anopheles albimanus has been in continuous colony for many years and is the reference strain on which genomic studies for the species are based. Recently, the STECLA strain was demonstrated t...

    Authors: Staci M. Dreyer, Kelsey J. Morin, Marla Magaña, Marie Pott, Donovan Leiva, Nicole L. Achee, John P. Grieco and Jefferson A. Vaughan
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:72
  31. Plasmodium vivax is emerging as the dominant and prevalent species causing malaria in near-elimination settings outside of Africa. Hypnozoites, the dormant liver stage parasite of P. vivax, are undetectable to an...

    Authors: Caitlin Bourke, Eizo Takashima, Li-Jin Chan, Melanie H. Dietrich, Ramin Mazhari, Michael White, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Wai-Hong Tham, Takafumi Tsuboi, Ivo Mueller and Rhea Longley
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:71
  32. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are widely used for malaria diagnosis of both symptomatic and asymptomatic infections. Although RDTs are a reliable and practical diagnostic tool, the sensitivity of histidine-ric...

    Authors: Colleen M. Leonard, Ashenafi Assefa, Jessica N. McCaffery, Camelia Herman, Mateusz Plucinski, Heven Sime, Hussein Mohammed, Amha Kebede, Hiwot Solomon, Mebrahtom Haile, Matt Murphy, Jimee Hwang and Eric Rogier
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:70
  33. To understand the Plasmodium vivax malaria transmission intensity and to assess the effectiveness of prevention and control measures taken along the China–Myanmar border, a catalytic model was used to calculate t...

    Authors: Meixue Yao, Lishun Xiao, Xiaodong Sun, Zurui Lin, Xiao Hao, Qiong-qiong Bai and De-Hui Yin
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:69
  34. Health workers’ compliance with outpatient malaria ‘test and treat’ guidelines has improved since 2010 but plateaued from 2014 at suboptimal levels in Kenya. This study examined the factors associated with hig...

    Authors: Beatrice Amboko, Kasia Stepniewska, Beatrice Machini, Philip Bejon, Robert W. Snow and Dejan Zurovac
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:68
  35. Access to human hosts by Anopheles mosquitoes is a key determinant of vectorial capacity for malaria, but it can be limited by use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs). In Malawi, pyrethroid-treated LLINs wi...

    Authors: Rex B. Mbewe, John B. Keven, Themba Mzilahowa, Don Mathanga, Mark Wilson, Lauren Cohee, Miriam K. Laufer and Edward D. Walker
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:67
  36. Anti-malarial drug resistance is still a major threat to malaria elimination in the Great Mekong Sub-region. Plasmodium vivax parasites resistant to anti-malarial drugs are now found in Myanmar. Molecular surveil...

    Authors: Fang Huang, Shigang Li, Peng Tian, Lahpai Ja Seng Pu, Yanwen Cui, Hui Liu, Lianzhi Yang and Dahidam Yaw Bi
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:66
  37. Over the past decade, three strategies have reduced severe malaria cases and deaths in endemic regions of Africa, Asia and the Americas, specifically: (1) artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT); (2) insec...

    Authors: Mahamoudou Touré, Moussa Keita, Fousseyni Kané, Daouda Sanogo, Salim Kanté, Drissa Konaté, Ayouba Diarra, Nafomon Sogoba, Mamadou B. Coulibaly, Sekou F. Traoré, Michael Alifrangis, Mahamadou Diakité, Jeffrey G. Shaffer, Donald J. Krogstad and Seydou Doumbia
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:65
  38. The World Health Organization recommends house screening as a tool for malaria control, yet evidence of the long-term durability, functionality and acceptability of this intervention is lacking. In this study,...

    Authors: Fiona C. Shenton, Musa Jawara, Majo Carrasco-Tenezaca, Jakob Knudsen, Umberto D’Alessandro and Steve W. Lindsay
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:64
  39. Progress against malaria has stalled and may even be slipping backwards in high-burden countries. This is due to a range of factors including insecticide resistance and mosquito feeding behaviours that limit c...

    Authors: Ross M. Boyce, Enid Muhindo, Emmanuel Baguma, Rabbison Muhindo, Bwambale Shem, Ruthly François, Sam Hawke, Bonnie E. Shook-Sa, Moses Ntaro, Aisha Nalusaji, Dan Nyehangane, Raquel Reyes, Jonathan J. Juliano, Mark J. Siedner, Sarah G. Staedke and Edgar M. Mulogo
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:63
  40. Malaria continues to be a major public health problem in the Northeastern part of India despite the implementation of vector control measures and changes in drug policies. To develop successful vaccines agains...

    Authors: Tulika Nirmolia, Md. Atique Ahmed, Vinayagam Sathishkumar, Nilanju P. Sarma, Dibya R. Bhattacharyya, Pradyumna K. Mohapatra, Devendra Bansal, Praveen K. Bharti, Rakesh Sehgal, Jagadish Mahanta, Ali A. Sultan, Kanwar Narain and Saurav J. Patgiri
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:62
  41. The addition of a third anti-malarial drug matching the pharmacokinetic characteristics of the slowly eliminated partner drug in artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been proposed as new therapeutic...

    Authors: Quique Bassat, Oumou Maïga-Ascofaré, Jürgen May, Jerôme Clain, Ghyslain Mombo-Ngoma, Mirjam Groger, Ayôla A. Adegnika, Jean-Claude Dejon Agobé, Abdoulaye Djimde, Johannes Mischlinger and Michael Ramharter
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:61
  42. Cerebral malaria is still a major cause of death in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Among survivors, debilitating neurological sequelae can leave children with permanent cognitive impairments and societal stig...

    Authors: Arabella Borgstein, Bo Zhang, Colin Lam, Montfort Bernard Gushu, Alice Wangui Liomba, Albert Malenga, Paul Pensulo, Andrew Tebulo, Dylan S. Small, Terrie Taylor and Karl Seydel
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:60
  43. A recent trial in Burkina Faso and Mali showed that combining seasonal RTS,S/AS01E malaria vaccination with seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) substantially reduced the incidence of uncomplicated and severe m...

    Authors: Jane Grant, Issaka Sagara, Issaka Zongo, Matthew Cairns, Rakiswendé Serge Yerbanga, Modibo Diarra, Charles Zoungrana, Djibrilla Issiaka, Frédéric Nikièma, Frédéric Sompougdou, Amadou Tapily, Mahamadou Kaya, Alassane Haro, Koualy Sanogo, Abdoul Aziz Sienou, Seydou Traore…
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:59
  44. Inference of person-to-person transmission networks using surveillance data is increasingly used to estimate spatiotemporal patterns of pathogen transmission. Several data types can be used to inform transmiss...

    Authors: John H. Huber, Michelle S. Hsiang, Nomcebo Dlamini, Maxwell Murphy, Sibonakaliso Vilakati, Nomcebo Nhlabathi, Anita Lerch, Rasmus Nielsen, Nyasatu Ntshalintshali, Bryan Greenhouse and T. Alex Perkins
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:58
  45. Malaria remains the number one cause of morbidity and mortality in Uganda. In 2009, the United States President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) funded an indoor residual spraying (IRS) project in 10 mid-northern di...

    Authors: Anthony Nuwa, Janet Oola, Sam Okot Obonyo, Mitra Feldman, Shirah Karungi, Edmound Kertho, David Salandini Odong, Isaac Kimera, Godfrey Magumba, Geofrey Beinomugisha, Alexandra Chitty, James Tibenderana, Jimmy Opigo and Francis Abwaimo
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:55
  46. Control efforts in Zanzibar reduced the burden of malaria substantially from 2000 to 2015, but re-emergence of falciparum malaria has been observed lately. This study evaluated the prevalence of malaria and pe...

    Authors: Annette Onken, Christel Gill Haanshuus, Mohammed Khamis Miraji, Msafiri Marijani, Kibwana Omar Kibwana, Khamis Ali Abeid, Kristine Mørch, Marianne Reimers, Nina Langeland, Fredrik Müller, Pål A. Jenum and Bjørn Blomberg
    Citation: Malaria Journal 2022 21:54

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