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Table 4 Factors associated with low birth weight: logistic regression model (N = 1 945)

From: Coverage of intermittent prevention treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine among pregnant women and congenital malaria in Côte d'Ivoire

  Low birth weight (grams) Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis (N = 1938) Multivariate analysis (N = 1938)
  < 2500 (n = 207) OR 95% CI P value AOR 95% CI P value AOR 95% CI P value
Age (years)           
   < 20 (n = 407) 76 (18.7) 1 - - 1 - - 1 - -
   20-24 (n = 575) 49 (8.5) 0.40 [0.28-0.60] < 0.001 0.55 [0.36-0.85] 0.006 0.58 [0.38-0.89] 0.012
   25-29 (n = 469) 44 (9.4) 0.45 [0.30-0.67] < 0.001 0.79 [0.47-1.34] 0.392 0.83 [0.49-1.40] 0.486
   > = 30 (n = 494) 38 (7.7) 0.36 [0.24-0.55] < 0.001 0.67 [0.37-1.22] 0.192 0.71 [0.39-1.29] 0.265
Gravidity           
   1 (n = 509) 89 (17.5) 2.55 [1.83-3.55] < 0.001 2.09 [1.27-3.43] 0.004 2.30 [1.40-3.79] 0.001
   2 (n = 471) 44 (9.3) 1.24 [0.84-1.83] 0.279 1.21 [0.77-1.92] 0.407 1.25 [0.79-1.98] 0.332
   > = 3 (n = 965) 74 (7.7) 1 - - 1 - - 1 - -
Location           
   Koumassi (n = 268) 21 (7.8) 1 - - 1 - - 1 - -
   Yopougon (n = 388) 50 (12.9) 1.74 [1.02-2.97] 0.043 1.80 [1.03-3.06] 0.037 1.81 [1.05-3.14] 0.033
   Grand Lahou (n = 394) 38 (9.6) 1.25 [0.72-2.19] 0.423 1.14 [0.64-2.02] 0.649 1.32 [0.73-2.39] 0.348
   Sassandra (n = 187) 23 (12.3) 1.65 [0.88-3.08] 0.116 1.46 [0.77-2.77] 0.244 1.79 [0.94-3.41] 0.077
   San Pedro (n = 347) 42 (12.1) 1.62 [0.93-2.81] 0.086 1.58 [0.90-2.77] 0.109 1.79 [1.00-3.22] 0.049
   Bouaké (n = 361) 33 (9.1) 1.18 [0.67-2.10] 0.564 1.10 [0.61-1.97] 0.754 1.21 [0.66-2.19] 0.534
Mothers' HIV status           
   HIV positive (n = 103) 11 (10.7) 0.66 [0.13-3.36] 0.615 0.95 [0.18-5.06] 0.949 0.86 [0.16-4.64] 0.858
   HIV negative (n = 1829) 194 (10.6) 0.65 [0.14-2.10] 0.581 0.80 [0.17-3.81] 0.781 0.74 [0.15-3.57] 0.709
   Not collected (n = 13) 2 (15.4) 1 - - 1 - - 1 - -
Malaria status           
   Positive (n = 90) 20 (22.2) 2.55 [1.52-4.28] < 0.001 2.28 [1.32-3.93] 0.003 - - -
   Negative (n = 1855) 187 (10.1) 1 - - 1 - - - - -
Sexe           
   Male (n = 986) 102 (10.3) 1 - - 1 - - 1 - -
   Female (n = 952) 103 (10.8) 1.05 [0.79-1.40] 0.734 1.02 [0.76-1.38] 0.872 1.0 [0.75-1.35] 0.985
   Not mentionned (n = 7) 2 (28.6) - - - - - - - - -
Use of IPT-SP           
   No (n = 310) 35 (11.3) 1 - - - - - 1 - -
   1 dose (n = 652) 79 (12.1) 1.08 [0.71-1.65] 0.711 - - - 0.98 [0.63-1.53] 0.935
   > = 2 doses (n = 983) 93 (9.5) 0.82 [0.54-1.24] 0.348 - - - 0.71 [0.46-1.12] 0.146
  1. AOR: Adjusted odds ratio; OR: Odds ratio, 95% CI: 95% Confidence interval
  2. IPT-SP: Intermittent Preventive Treatment with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine