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Featured: Repellent activity against Anopheles gambiae of the leaves of nesting trees in the Sebitoli chimpanzee community of Kibale National Park, Uganda

Every evening, chimpanzees build a nest, selecting a few tree species from the hundred available. It has been suggested that these species may repel mosquitoes. Of the 1,081 nests surveyed in the Sebitoli chimpanzee community, Kibale National Park, Uganda, we determined the ten most commonly used tree species. The essential oils from their leaves were compared to those of ten abundant but not preferred tree species for their activities against female Anopheles gambiae. Seven leaf extracts of nesting tree species versus three for abundant tree species showed significant spatial repellent properties. Chimpanzee nest tree selection can be a potential inspiration for human health.

Thematic series: Primate malaria

Guest Editor: Ananias A. Escalante
This Thematic Series gives us insight into non-human primate malaria parasites, and is published in recognition of the the 50th anniversary of the publication of "The Primate Malarias," the collective effort of Drs G. Robert Coatney, William E. Collins, McWilson Warren, and Peter G. Contacos,


  1. Authors: Yawo Apetogbo, Koffi M. Ahadji-Dabla, Dieudonné Diloma Soma, Adjovi D. Amoudji, Edoh Koffi, Kossivi I. Akagankou, Rabila Bamogo, Kelly Lionelle Ngaffo, Samina Maiga, Rachid T. Atcha‑Oubou, Ameyo M. Dorkenoo, Lucrecia Vizcaino, Audrey Lenhart, Abdoulaye Diabaté, Roch Kounbobr Dabiré and Guillaume Koffivi Ketoh

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