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Table 3 Parasitological parameters in 749 children from southern highland Rwanda

From: Prevalence and risk factors of malaria among children in southern highland Rwanda

Parameter Huye communities Sovu Health Centre Kabutare District Hospital P
No. 545 103 101  
Parasitaemia (%) 11.2 16.5 9.9 0.25
GMPD (parasites/μL; 95%CI) 1574 (913-2714) 7603 (2127-27185) * 5508 (701-43251) 0.04
MOI (mean, range) 2.05 (1-5) 1.95 (1-4) 1.92 (1-4) 0.92
Malaria (%) 2.9 16.5 * 7.9 * <0.0001
P. falciparum infection, PCR (%) 16.1 21.4 14.9 0.37
P. ovale infection, PCR (%) 0.9 1.9 3.0 0.22
P. malariae infection, PCR (%) 0.2 2.9 * 2.0 0.006
Proportion of submicroscopic infections (%, n/n) 33.7 (31/92) 22.7 (5/22) 41.2 (7/17) 0.45
Child received artemether-lumefantrine in last 2 weeks 3.1 1.0 5.9 0.13
  1. GMPD, geometric mean parasite density, and MOI, multiplicity of infection, are compared by the non-parametric Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney U tests. Proportions were compared by χ2 test or Fisher's exact test. *, difference to Huye communities, P < 0.05;