Skip to main content

Table 6 Predictors of women not attending ANC or EPI in Niger (n = 1587), adjusted for clustering.

From: Who attends antenatal care and expanded programme on immunization services in Chad, Mali and Niger? the implications for insecticide-treated net delivery

Variable Attended neither % (n) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Wald Adjusted OR (95% CI) Wald
    p-value   p-value
Region    < 0.0001   < 0.0001
Southern 49.5 (640) 1.0   1.0  
Northern 18.4 (71) 0.2 (0.1-0.4)   0.3 (0.2-0.6)  
Eastern 35.3 (144) 0.6 (0.3-0.9)   0.3 (0.2-0.6)  
Western 23.3 (448) 0.3 (0.2-0.4)   0.4 (0.3-0.7)  
Central 32.5 (284) 0.5 (0.3-0.8)   0.4 (0.3-0.7)  
Wealth index    < 0.0001   < 0.0001
Poorest 47.3 (465) 1.0   1.0  
Second 43.2 (347) 0.9 (0.7-1.1)   0.9 (0.7-1.1)  
Middle 40.6 (322) 0.8 (0.6-1.0)   0.8 (0.6-1.0)  
Fourth 38.2 (348) 0.7 (0.5-0.9)   0.8 (0.5-1.1)  
Least poor 9.0 (105) 0.1 (0.08-0.02)   0.2 (0.2-0.4)  
Residence    < 0.0001   0.004
Rural 41.3 (1464) 1.0   1.0  
Urban 8.2 (123) 0.1 (0.08-0.2)   0.5 (0.3-0.8)  
Ethnicity    < 0.0001   < 0.0001
Hausa 35.9 (712) 1.0   1.0  
Djerma 16.9 (183) 0.4 (0.2-0.6)   0.6 (0.4-0.9)  
Tuareg 48.7 (295) 1.7 (1.2-2.3)   1.7 (1.1-1.6)  
Other 52.2 (396) 1.9 (1.3-2.8)   2.1 (1.4-3.3)  
Religion    0.01   0.04
Muslim 35.7 (1548) 1.0   1.0  
Christian 48.4 (13) 1.7 (0.8-3.4)   1.7 (0.9-3.2)  
None 69.4 (35) 4.1 (1.7-10.0)   3.0 (1.1-8.11)  
Other 0 (0) ---   ---  
Mother's education    < 0.0001   0.001
None 39.3 (1508) 1.0   1.0  
Primary 19.1 (77) 0.4 (0.3-0.5)   0.6 (0.4-0.9)  
Secondary 0.1 (2) 0.02 (0.003-0.1)   0.1 (0.01-0.6)  
Higher 0 (0) ---   ---  
Partner's education    < 0.0001   < 0.0001
None 40.3 (1464) 1.0   1.0  
Primary 19.5 (80) 0.4 (0.3-0.5)   0.5 (0.3-0.7)  
Secondary 7.3 (19) 0.1 (0.06-0.2)   0.3 (0.1-0.5)  
Higher 0 (0) ---   ---  
Don't know 15.9 (16) 0.3 (0.1-0.6)   0.6 (0.2-1.6)  
Household size    0.03   0.03
1-5 38.4 (517) 1.0   1.0  
6-10 37.2 (735) 1.0 (0.8-1.1)   0.9 (0.7-1.1)  
11-15 41.7 (230) 0.7 (0.5-0.9)   0.8 (0.6-1.0)  
16-20 48.6 (60) 0.7 (0.5-1.2)   1.4 (0.9-2.2)  
21+ 40.8 (45) 0.7 (0.4-1.3)   1.6 (0.9-2.9)  
Healthcare autonomy    0.0003   0.04
Husband/partner only 38.9 (1186) 1.0   1.0  
Respondent alone 28.9 (237) 0.6 (0.4-0.8)   0.8 (0.6-1.1)  
Respondent & husband 26.9 (84) 0.6 (0.4-0.8)   0.7 (0.5-1.0)  
Respondent & other 19.9 (8) 0.4 (0.2-0.9)   0.6 (0.2-1.4)  
Someone else 33.7 (65) 0.8 (0.5-1.2)   1.1 (0.7-1.7)  
Other 12.5 (5) 0.2 (0.07-0.7)   0.3 (0.1-0.9)  
Marital status    0.05   0.3
Currently married 36.3 (1542) 1.0   1.0  
Never married 21.0 (5) 0.5 (0.2-1.3)   ---  
Formerly married 26.0 (40) 0.6 (0.4-1.0)   0.8 (0.4-1.3)  
Mother's occupation    0.03   0.06
Agriculture/manual labour 37.5 (426) 1.0   1.0  
Unemployed 37.8 (942) 1.0 (0.8-1.3)   1.3 (1.0-1.7)  
Clerical, sales, services 30.0 (213) 0.7 (0.5-1.0)   0.9 (0.7-1.3)  
Professional, army 0 (0) ---   ---  
Other 51.6 (3) 1.8 (0.3-12.3)   3.0 (0.3-27.4)  
Partner's occupation    < 0.0001   0.7
Agriculture/manual labour 41.3 (1117) 1.0   1.0  
Unemployed 8.0 (2) 0.1 (0.03-0.6)   1.0 (0.1-8.9)  
Clerical, sales, services 27.7 (388) 0.5 (0.4-0.7)   0.9 (0.7-1.1)  
Professional, army 5.4 (11) 0.1 (0.02-0.3)   1.5 (0.5-4.6)  
Other 39.0 (56) 0.9 (0.5-1.6)   0.9 (0.5-1.7)  
Age at first birth    0.02   0.9
12 34.5 (12) 1.0   1.0  
13-19 37.4 (1224) 1.1 (0.5-2.5)   1.0 (0.4-2.6)  
20-29 31. (342) 0.9 (0.4-1.9)   1.0 (0.4-2.8)  
30-39 39.3 (9) 1.2 (0.4-3.9)   1.7 (0.4-7.7)  
40-49 0 (0) ---   ---  
Total number of children    0.03   0.3
1-3 32.9 (613) 1.0   1.0  
4-6 38.5 (564) 1.3 (1.1-1.5)   1.2 (1.0-1.4)  
7-9 38.3 (306) 1.3 (1.0-1.6)   1.1 (0.9-1.4)  
10+ 35.7 (104) 1.1 (0.8-1.5)   0.9 (0.7-1.3)