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Table 1 Characteristics of 174 reported malaria cases in immigrants and natives under 20 years of age in Barcelona, 1990-2008.

From: Epidemiology of imported malaria among children and young adults in Barcelona (1990-2008)

  Immigrant n(%) Native n (%) Total n (%) p-value
Sex     
Male 60 (42.0) 14 (45.2) 74 (42.5) 0.56
Female 83 (58.0) 17 (54.8) 100 (57.5)  
Age (years)     
< 5 40 (28.0) 13 (41.9) 53 (30.5) 0.65
6 to 14 59 (41.3) 12 (38.7) 71 (40.8) 0.24
15 to 19 44 (30.8) 6 (19.4) 50 (28.7)  
District of residence     
Other 119 (83.2) 27 (87.1) 146 (83.9) 0.19
Inner City 24 (16.8) 4 (12.9) 28 (16.1)  
Continent of travel     
Africa 125 (87.4) 21 (67.7) 146 (83.9) 0.02
Asia 11 (7.7) 4 (12.9) 15 (8.6)  
America 3 (2.1) - 3 (1.7)  
Unknown 4 (2.8) 6 (19.4) 10 (5.7)  
Reason for travel (VFR)     
No 55 (38.5) 11 (35.5) 66 (37.9) 0.88
Yes 88 (61.5) 20 (64.5) 108 (62.1)  
Species detected     
P. falciparum 103 (72) 18 (58.1) 121 (69.5) 0.64
P. vivax 18 (12.6) 7 (22.6) 25 (14.4)  
P. ovale 7 (4.9) 3 (9.7) 10 (5.7)  
P. malariae 7 (4.9) 1 (3.2) 8 (4.6)  
Mixed 4 (2.8) 1 (3.2) 5 (2.9)  
Plasmodium spp 4 (2.8) 1 (3.2) 5 (2.9)  
Chemoprophylaxis     
Yes 3 (2.1) 1 (3.2) 4 (2.3) 0.53
No 140 (97.9) 30 (96.8) 170 (97.7)  
Hospitalization     
Yes 22 (15.4) 5 (16.1) 27 (15.5) 0.7
No 121(84.6) 26 (83.9) 147 (84.5)  
  1. VFR: visiting friends and relatives.