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Table 5 Ordinal logistic models for the factors associated with the log odds of having higher knowledge and better practices

From: Assessing healthcare providers' knowledge and practices relating to insecticide-treated nets and the prevention of malaria in Ghana, Laos, Senegal and Tanzania

Factor Knowledge
(n = 340)
Practices
(n = 340)
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Individual characteristics  
Age* 1.07 (0.96, 1.19) 1.14 (0.94, 1.38)
Age squared* 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 1.00 (1.00, 1.00)
Sex, male 1.16 (0.93, 1.46) 1.28 (0.98, 1.68)
Specialist physician 1.15 (0.60, 2.20) 1.82 (0.71, 4.65)
Time allocated to research ** 1.01 (1.00, 1.01) 1.01 (0.99, 1.02)
Master's or doctorate degree 1.01 (0.81, 1.26) 0.81 (0.48, 1.35)
Training (since completed last degree) in:
Acquiring systematic reviews through the Cochrane Library 2.82 (1.08, 7.36) 0.99 (0.49, 2.00)
Critically appraising systematic reviews 0.77 (0.25, 2.40) 1.28 (0.66, 2.47)
Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) 0.72 (0.41, 1.28) 0.95 (0.48, 1.90)
Prevention of malaria 1.20 (0.73, 1.97) 1.68 (1.17, 2.39)
Easy access to a personal computer with a CD ROM 1.50 (0.63, 3.58) 0.63 (0.28, 1.43)
Easy access to the internet 1.07 (0.44, 2.57) 1.52 (1.08, 2.14)
Able to read and write English well or very well 1.92 (1.37, 2.69) 1.00 (0.63, 1.58)
Working Context
Based in a facility or practice with an NGO as the operating authority 0.90 (0.32, 2.53) 1.25 (0.66, 2.37)
Based in a hospital 1.08 (0.83, 1.39) 0.66 (0.32, 1.34)
Located in an urban setting 1.01 (0.85, 1.19) 1.00 (0.73, 1.37)
Facility had insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) available 0.71 (0.35, 1.46) 2.58 (0.52, 12.94)
Views and activities related to improving clinical practice
Research performed in their own country is of above average or excellent quality 0.78 (0.35, 1.73) 1.49 (0.88, 2.53)
Trust somewhat or completely a systematic review of randomized controlled double-blind trials 1.06 (0.63, 1.79) 1.16 (0.52, 2.58)
Working with researchers or research groups to improve clinical practice or the quality of working life 1.11 (0.69, 1.78) 1.44 (1.04, 1.98)
Higher quality of available research is important or very important to improve their work 1.07 (0.54, 2.14) 0.63 (0.33, 1.18)
Used or read particular sources of evidence
Clinical practice guidelines, protocols or decision-support tools 1.06 (0.71, 1.60) 1.32 (0.83, 2.10)
Cochrane Library 0.68 (0.37, 1.27) 0.98 (0.56, 1.70)
Scientific journals from high-income countries 1.09 (0.50, 2.36) 0.74 (0.47, 1.16)
Scientific journals from own country 1.31 (0.88, 1.95) 1.67 (1.10, 2.54)
Summaries of articles, reports, and reviews from public and not-for-profit health organizations 1.37 (0.50, 3.75) 1.27 (0.92, 1.76)
Thresholds
k1 1.81 (-0.29, 3.91) 2.59 (-2.31, 7.49)
k2 3.03 (1.23, 4.84) 3.87 (-0.99, 8.73)
k3 3.33 (1.16, 5.49) 4.99 (0.16, 9.81)
k4 4.59 (1.90, 7.28) 5.92 (0.63, 11.21)
  1. CI = confidence interval, NGO = nongovernmental organization, OR = odds ratio
  2. Standard errors adjusted for 4 clusters (i.e., country). All regression models include country dummies (Tanzania is the reference country)
  3. * Entered in regression models as continuous variables measured in years
  4. ** Entered in regression models as continuous variable measured in percent of time