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Table 1 Characteristics of patients in health facility surveys conducted in pre- and post-RDT implementation HDSS areas

From: Increased use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests improves targeting of anti-malarial treatment in rural Tanzania: implications for nationwide rollout of malaria rapid diagnostic tests

Characteristic Ifakara HDSS (pre-RDT implementation) (N = 761) Rufiji HDSS (post-RDT implementation) (N = 710) P-value
  n/N % (95%CI) n/N %(95%CI)  
Female 441/761 58.0 (54.7-61.1) 347/710 48.9 (44.9-52.9) <0.01
Child aged <5 years 352/761 46.3 (41.8-50.8) 349/710 49.2 (44.4-53.9) 0.56
Used insecticide-treated bed net previous night 575/761 75.6 (71.3-79.4) 344/710 48.5 (40.9-56.1) < 0.01
Used anti-malarial prior to health facility visit 37/761 4.9 (3.2-7.3) 20/710 2.8 (1.5-5.3) 0.14
Seen in high transmission season (March 2010) 384/761 50.5 (40.2-60.7) 375/710 52.8 (39.7-65.5) 0.78
Seen in low transmission season (October 2010) 377/761 49.5 (39.3-59.8) 335/710 47.2 (34.5-60.3)  
Seen in HF with ACT in stock 326/761 42.8 (30.9-55.7) 666/710 93.8 (86.9-97.2) 0.01
Seen in HF with RDT or BS in stock 248/761 32.6 (21.4-46.1) 527/710 74.2 (61.1-84.1) <0.01
 Seen in HF with a RDT in stock 132/761 17.4 (10.6-27.6) 343/710 48.3 (35.2-61.7) <0.01
 Seen in a HF with BS in stock 242/761 31.8 (22.0-43.5) 397/710 55.9 (41.9-69.1) 0.28
Fever prevalence 627/761 82.4 (78.3-85.8) 620/710 87.3 (83.3-90.5) 0.06
Uncomplicated malaria prevalence 54/761 7.1 (5.1-9.8) 96/710 13.5 (10.3-17.6) <0.01
 High transmission season 36/384 9.4 (6.2-13.9) 72/375 19.2 (14.3-25.3) <0.01
 Low transmission season 16/377 4.2 (2.5-7.2) 24/335 7.2 (4.2-12.0) 0.21