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Table 1 Insecticide bio-assay results for Anopheles gambiae s.l. in 2008 and 2010 in four sentinel sites in Burkina Faso (data from the two rounds in each year have been pooled for this analysis)

From: Three years of insecticide resistance monitoring in Anopheles gambiae in Burkina Faso: resistance on the rise?

Insecticide 2008
% mortality (95 % CI)
2010  % mortality (95 % CI) P value (2008 vs 2010)
DDT Goundry 85 (79 – 91) 45 (37 – 52) <0.001
  Koupela 83 (77 – 88) 43 (34 – 52) <0.001
  Kuinima 16 (5 – 27) 31 (21 – 40) 1
  Soumousso 32 (21 – 44) 34 (25 – 44) 0.620
  P value (between sites) <0.001 0.001  
Permethrin Goundry 80 (74–85) 68 (57 – 79) 0.003
  Koupela 78 (72 – 84) 60 (47 – 73) <0.001
  Kuinima 48 (27 – 69) 54 (42 – 66) 0.879
  Soumousso 55 (48 – 62) 54 (44 – 63) 0.464
  P value (between sites) <0.001 0.013  
Deltamethrin Goundry 89 (85 – 93) 86 (78 – 94) 0.180
  Koupela 92 (87 – 96) 78 (71 – 84) <0.001
  Kuinima 88 (77 – 98) 86 (75 – 97) 0.287
  Soumousso 77 (66 – 87) 84 (76 – 91) 0.967
  P value (between sites) <0.001 0.056  
Bendiocarb Goundry 99 (98 – 100) 95 (92 – 99) 0.010
  Koupela 99 (97 – 101) 95 (91 – 99) 0.027
  Kuinima 77 (64 – 90) 80 (73 – 87) 0.776
  Soumousso 69 (60 – 78) 78 (72 – 85) 0.989
  P value (between sites) <0.001 <0.001  
Fenitrothion Goundry 100 ( − ) 99 (97 – 100) 0.248
  Koupela 100 ( − ) 99 (98 – 100) 0.499
  Kuinima 93 (89 – 98) 95 (92 – 98) 0.402
  Soumousso 87 (79 – 94) 96 (94 – 99) 0.001
  P value (between sites) <0.001 0.050