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Table 2 Outcome measures of patients with imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria, grouped by presence or absence of schizontaemia on admission

From: The prognostic value of schizontaemia in imported Plasmodium falciparum malaria

  All patients (n = 401) Schizontaemia (n = 49) No schizontaemia (n = 352) P-value Odds ratio (95% CI)
Case-fatalities, n (%) 2 (0.5) 1 (2.0) 1 (0.3) NS  
Severe malaria, n (%) 62 (15.5) 33 (67.3) 29 (8.2) <0.0001 23.0 (11.3-46.6)
ICU admission, n (%) 92 (22.9) 38 (77.6) 54 (15.3) <0.0001 19.1 (9.2-39.6)
Exchange transfusion, n (%) 40 (10.0) 26 (53.1) 14 (4.0) <0.0001 27.3 (12.6-59.2)
Renal replacement therapy, n (%) 7 (1.7) 4 (8.2) 3 (0.9) 0.0053 10.3 (2.2-47.7)
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 4 (1.0) 3 (6.5) 1 (0.3) 0.0063 22.9 (2.3-224.8)
Time in hospital, days (range) 5 (0–56) 7 (0–56) 5 (0–19) <0.0001