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Table 1 Baseline characteristics by treatment group

From: In vivo susceptibility of Plasmodium falciparum to artesunate in Binh Phuoc Province, Vietnam

Characteristics Artesunate 2mg/kg Artesunate 4mg/kg DHA-Piperaquine
  n (N=55) n (N=56) n (N=55)
Age (years) 55 25 (20,38) 56 27 (21,35) 55 27 (21,33)
Children (< 15 years old) 55 4 (7%) 56 4 (7%) 55 3 (5%)
Sex 55   56   55  
 Female   2 (4%)   2 (4%)   2 (4%)
 Male   53 (96%)   54 (96%)   53 (96%)
Ethnicity 55   56   55  
 - Kinh (Vietnamese)   26 (47%)   21 (38%)   19 (35%)
 - S’tieng   25 (45%)   25 (45%)   26 (47%)
 - Other ethnicities   4 (7%)   10 (18%)   10 (18%)
Previous malaria episodes 55 24 (44%) 55 25 (45%) 55 26 (47%)
Febrile on admission 55 55 (100%) 56 51 (91%) 55 47 (85%)
Temperature ( °C) 52 39.3(38.5,40.0) 56 38.6 (38.0,39.7) 55 39.0(37.9,39.5)
Height (cm) 55 164(160,169) 56 161(158,167) 55 163(158,167)
Weight (kg) 55 55(49,60) 56 53(50,58) 55 54(48,59)
Parasitaemia (parasites/μL) 55 27129 (12282,50868) 56 29192(19415,55892) 55 29390(16620,55578)
Hematocrit (%) 54 39.4(36.2,43.7) 55 40.0(37.4,42.9) 54 41.6(37.9,44.9)
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 53 13.8(12.6,15.4) 53 14.3(13.3,15.8) 51 14.2(12.9,16.0)
White Blood Cell (x 109/L) 53 5.9(4.6,7.7) 54 5.6(4.4,7.2) 53 6.3(5.1,8.3)
Neutrophils (%) 50 78.7(66.5,82.9) 50 77.2(67.6,83.4) 48 74.9(67.2,80.6)
Lymphocytes (%) 54 15.8(11.7,26.6) 55 15.4(11.3,26.5) 54 19.1(13.6,24.6)
Platelets (x 109/L) 50 93(69,140) 49 119(79,139) 49 111(70,154)
BUN (mmol/L) 52 17.1(14.5,18.2) 55 16.4(14.6,18.4) 54 16.6(14.3,19.1)
Serum creatinine (μmol/L) 53 79.6(61.9,88.4) 55 79.6(70.7,88.4) 54 79.6(70.7,88.4)
Total Bilirubin (μmol/L) 52 18.0(15.4,23.9) 50 20.5(13.4,27.0) 54 20.5(15.4,28.6)
Blood glucose (mmol/L) 52 4.9(4.3,6.4) 55 5.2(4.7,6.4) 54 5.2(4.4,6.1)
AST (IU/L) 53 35(27,49) 55 40(27,50) 54 40(30,58)
ALT (IU/L) 53 37(29,54) 55 39(29,64) 54 42(30,65)
  1. Summary statistic is absolute count (%) for categorical variables and median (IQR) for continuous data.