Skip to main content


We’d like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest.

Volume 11 Supplement 1

Challenges in malaria research

Cost-effectiveness of a malaria control programs in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of uncertainties using a stochastic individual-based simulation model


The first vaccine against P. falciparum malaria is close to licensure, having shown moderate levels of protection in clinical trials. Several analyses have shown the vaccine to be likely to be an effective and cost-effective addition to currently used control strategies. We previously used individual-based computer simulations (implemented in the open Malaria simulator) to analyze uncertainties in the predicted cost-effectiveness of introducing a malaria vaccine into the expanded programme on immunization in sub-Saharan Africa. We now extend these studies to include insecticide treated nets, a currently existing intervention. In addition, we also address model uncertainty in the current analysis.

Materials and methods

We used techniques of probabilistic sensitivity analysis, involving randomly sampling the parameter vectors, to analyze the contributions of the different sources of uncertainty to the predicted cost-effectiveness. One specific aspect of these analyses of uncertainty is quantification of the value of acquiring additional information on these parameters by computation of expected value of perfect information (EVPI).


Among the most important predictors of the cost-effectiveness of a control program are the cost of the intervention program and the transmission intensity at the time of the start of the program. EVPI is shown to be substantial, and in particular the accrual of up-to-date information on local endemicity would seem an efficient way to inform decisions about local deployment.


Probabilistic sensitivity analysis and value of information analysis using computer simulation models provide a powerful way to identify data gaps hindering rational resource allocation in malaria control.

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Nicolas Maire.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Maire, N., Tarantino, M., Di Pasquale, A. et al. Cost-effectiveness of a malaria control programs in sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of uncertainties using a stochastic individual-based simulation model. Malar J 11, P68 (2012).

Download citation


  • Malaria
  • Malaria Control
  • Probabilistic Sensitivity Analysis
  • Malaria Control Program
  • Malaria Vaccine


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate. Please note that comments may be removed without notice if they are flagged by another user or do not comply with our community guidelines.