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Table 2 Multilevel model results with an outcome of RDT confirmed malaria parasitaemia in children

From: Exploring the impact of targeted distribution of free bed nets on households bed net ownership, socio-economic disparities and childhood malaria infection rates: analysis of national malaria survey data from three sub-Saharan Africa countries

Total observations (N) Angola 1,125 Tanzania 3,109 Uganda 1,954
Children’s RDT confirmed malaria mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals mfx dy/dx Confidence intervals
Age of household head −0.009 −0.0012 – 0.0032 0.006 −0.0004 – 0.0016 0.001 −0.0005 – 0.0029
Gender (Male-headed households) −0.023 −0.0977 – 0.0502 −0.029* −0.0637 – 0.0049 0.010 −0.0381 – 0.0690
Education of household head −0.009 −0.0776 – 0.0593 0.027* −0.0023 – 0.0567 0.015 −0.0386 – 0.0690
Place of domicile 0.022** −0.0781 – 0.1228 0.055* 0.0005 – 0.1097 0.050 −0.1701 – 0.0688
Household wealth −0.034*** −0.1543 – 0.0773 −0.070*** −0.0943 – 0.0267 −0.116*** −0.1876 - -0.0583
Malaria endemicity 0.010* −0.0778 – 0.0572 0.095*** 0.0357 – 0.1561 0.288** −0.5526 - -0.0247
Size of the household 0.015* 0.0021 – 0.0285 0.004 −0.0059 – 0.0050 0.005 −0.0163 – 0.0055
Number of children aged <5 years −0.025** −0.1787 – -0.0181 0.049*** 0.0331 – 0.6565 −0.044** −0.0742 - -0.0156
Ownership and use of any bed net −0.055** −0.1187 – 0.0083 −0.034* −0.1233 – 0.0387 −0.098*** −0.0419 – 0.1494
Access to media NA NA −0.016 −0.0425 – 0.0094 −0.034 −0.0149 – 0.0848
Proximity to health facilities NA NA 0.084*** 0.0560 – 0.1128 0.102*** 0.0525 – 0.1521
Existence of free bed-net distribution 0.251 0.0226 – 0.4801 −0.015* −0.0134 – 0.0405 −0.082** 0.1479 – 0.0494
Interaction term (free bed net/wealth) −0.046** −0.0668 – 0.1772 −0.009 −0.0612 – 0.0415 −0.064 −0.0393 – 0.1690
Predicted marginal effects for free bed-net distributions and wealth with reported positive malaria case in children
  Angola Tanzania Uganda
Dependent variable: Malaria Marginal effects: (dy/dx) Marginal effects: (dy/dx) Marginal effects: (dy/dx)
1 Wealth −0.034* −0.070*** −0.116***
2 Free bed-net distribution 0.251* −0.015 −0.081**
3 Scenarios for interaction term (free bed nets/wealth)  
 No free bed nets in poorer households 0.190*** 0.257*** 0.414***
 No free bed nets in wealthier households 0.168*** 0.187*** 0.291***
 Free bed nets in poorer 0.476*** 0.272*** 0.323***
households    
 Free bed nets in wealthier households 0.431*** 0.199*** 0.218***
  1. Note: * statistically significant at 10% level, ** significant at 5% level and, *** refers to significance level equal to or, less than 1%.