Temporal dynamics of net health benefits of LLINs and case management. Lines are goodness of fit-weighted averages of the 14 variants in the model ensemble. Net health benefits are calculated as compared to scenarios with a low baseline case management (CM) of 9% reported treatment of recalled fevers with an effective antimalarial drug in demographic health surveys or similar surveys. Red lines show the effect of only distributing long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs). Green lines show the effect of only scaling up CM to 80% reported treatment of recalled fevers. Black lines show the effect of both distributing LLINs and scaling up CM to 80%.