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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of guardians

From: Concerns about covert HIV testing are associated with delayed presentation of suspected malaria in Ethiopian children: a cross-sectional study

  Total Concern about covert HIV testing  
  (%) N = 830 Yes (%) N = 423 No/do not know (%) N = 407 p value*
Location     
 Urban 469 (57) 226 (53) 243 (60) 0.07
 Rural 361 (43) 197 (47) 164 (40)
Sex     
 Male 263 (32) 133 (31) 130 (32) 0.88
 Female 567 (68) 290 (69) 277 (68)
Age (years)     
 16-24 157 (19) 81 (19) 76 (19) 0.54
 25-34 382 (46) 203 (48) 179 (44)
 35-44 231 (28) 112 (26) 119 (29)
 44+ 60 (7) 27 (6) 33 (8)
Relationship to sick child     
 Mother 503 (61) 255 (60) 248 (61)  
 Father 213 (26) 104 (25) 109 (27) 0.60
 Sibling 78 (9) 45 (11) 33 (8)
 Other 36 (4) 19 (4) 17 (4)
Highest level of education     
 Illiterate 284 (34) 146 (35) 138 (34) 0.09
 Literate but no formal education 69 (8) 30 (7) 39 (10)
 Primary school 302 (36) 168 (40) 134 (33)
 Secondary school or higher 175 (21) 79 (19) 96 (24)
Main material of household’s roof     
 Corrugated iron 614 (74) 306 (72) 308 (76) 0.27
 Thatched 216 (26) 117 (28) 99 (24)
Electricity in household     
 Yes 507 (61) 250 (59) 257 (63) 0.23
 No 323 (39) 173 (41) 150 (37)
Perceived walking time to nearest health centre (min)     
 <30 446 (54) 228 (54) 218 (54) 0.37
 30-60 216 (26) 111 (26) 105 (26)
 60-120 91 (11) 41 (10) 50 (12)
 120-180 48 (6) 30 (7) 18 (4)
 >180 29 (3) 13 (3) 16 (4)
  1. *Chi-squared test.