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Table 1 The distribution of sociodemographic and medical history characteristics among those exposed to severe malaria and unexposed controls

From: Impairment of executive function in Kenyan children exposed to severe falciparum malaria with neurological involvement

Characteristic Exposed (N = 58) Unexposed (N = 56) Comparison
Median age in years (IQR) 6.0 (6.0-7.0) 6.0 (6.0-8.0) Z = -1.72, P = 0.085
Male sex (%) 27 (46.6) 27 (48.2) X2 = 0.03, P = 0.859
Home delivery (%) 43 (81.1) 48/54 (88.9) X2 = 1.27, P = 0.261
Perinatal problems (%) 15 (25.8) 11 (19.1) X = 0.63, P = 0.429
Incomplete immunization (%) 40/41 (97.6) 35/36 (97.2) P = 1.00a
Median maternal age in years (IQR) 34.0 (29.0-44.0) 32.0 (27.5-37.5) Z = -0.86, P = 0.390
Mother did not attend school (%) 29/52 (54.7) 28/53 (53.9) X2 = 0.01, P = 0.929
Unschooled dad (%) 14/51 (27.5) 11/49 (22.5) X2 = 0.33, P = 0.564
Lack of maternal economic activity (%) 19/51 (37.3) 24/51 (47.1) X2 = 1.01, P = 0.316
Lack of paternal economic activity (%) 12/48 (25.0) 12/46 (26.1) X2 = 0.02, P = 0.904
Child attends school (%) 39 (67.2) 40 (71.4) X2 = 0.33, P = 0.564
Median number of previous hospitalization, IQR (%) 2 (1–3) 2 (1–3) Z = 1.70, P = 0.088
History of seizures (%) 6/54 (11.1) 7/53 (13.2) X2 = 0.11, P = 0.740
  1. aFisher’s exact test; IQR = interquartile range.