Impact of varying coverage ( C ) on abundance and potentially infectious female with hypothetical vector control interventions. (a)-(c) depict abundance, and (d)-(f) depict PIF. Each column represents a specific coverage (C) for HVCIs (e.g., C =50%). The legend at the bottom shows the HVCIs modelled. Each colour-coded plot represents a specific HVCI, with colour keys presented in the legend. The x-axis denotes simulation time (in days), and the y-axis denotes abundance or PIF. HVCIs are applied on day 100, and continued up to the end of the simulation. The first 100 days, which constitute the warm-up period necessary to reach a steady state, is omitted from the one-year simulation results.