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Table 3 Analysis of factors associated with placental parasite density among delivering women

From: Uptake of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for malaria during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes: a cross-sectional study in Geita district, North-Western Tanzania

Variable Parasite density Crude OR P-value Adjusted OR P-value
  N No. of PD >100/μl, (%) (95% CI)   (95% CI)  
Maternal age      
<20 years 42 22 (52.38) 2.04 (1.00, 4.16) 0.049 1.98 (0.76, 5.17) 0.162
≥20 years 120 42 (35.00) Reference   Reference  
Health facility      
Geita hospital 93 23 (24.73) Reference   Reference  
Katoro HC 69 41 (59.42) 4.46 (2.27, 8.73) <0.001 5.32 (2.45, 11.57) <0.001
Gravidity      
Paucigravidae 94 43 (45.74) 1.89 (0.98, 3.63) 0.058 2.05 (0.85, 4.93) 0.110
Multigravidae 68 21 (30.88) Reference   Reference  
Level of education      
None/Primary 140 61 (43.57) 4.89 (1.38, 17.29) 0.014 3.18 (0.80, 12.55) 0.099
Secondary/Higher 22 3 (13.64) Reference   Reference  
Occupation      
Peasant/livestock 143 61 (42.66) 3.97 (1.11, 14.23) 0.034 2.16 (0.53, 8.82) 0.285
Employed/Business 19 3 (15.79) Reference   Reference  
Bed net use       
No 6 5 (88.33) 8.33 (0.95, 73.13) 0.056 12.88 (1.27, 130.15) 0.030
Yes 152 57 (37.50) Reference   Reference  
SP receipt       
<3 doses 158 64 (40.51) - - - -
≥3 doses 4 0 (0.00)     
  1. HC = health centre; OR = odds ratio, PD = parasite density, 95% CI = 95% confidence interval, SP = sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine; Significant p-values are presented in bold.