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Table 4 Analysis of factors associated with malaria in pregnancy by rapid diagnostic test among delivering women

From: Uptake of intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine for malaria during pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes: a cross-sectional study in Geita district, North-Western Tanzania

Variable MIP by RDT Crude OR P-value Adjusted OR P-value
  N No. RDT-positive (%) (95% CI)   (95% CI)  
Maternal age   
<20 years 97 27 (27.84) 1.87 (1.11, 3.18) 0.020 1.05 (0.54, 2.05) 0.888
≥20 years 334 57 (17.07) Reference   Reference  
Health facility   
Geita hospital 265 36 (13.58) Reference   Reference  
Katoro HC 166 48 (28.92) 2.59 (1.59, 4.21) <0.001 2.86 (1.69, 4.86) <0.001
Gravidity   
Paucigravidae 227 56 (24.67) 2.06 (1.25, 3.39) 0.005 2.37 (1.29, 4.38) 0.006
Multigravidae 204 28 (13.73) Reference   Reference  
Level of education   
None/Primary 360 80 (22.22) 4.79 (1.69, 13.53) 0.003 3.51 (1.19, 10.39) 0.023
Secondary/Higher 71 4 (5.63) Reference   Reference  
Occupation   
Peasant/livestock 370 79 (21.35) 3.04 (1.18, 7.85) 0.021 1.86 (0.68, 5.10) 0.230
Employed/Business 61 5 (8.20) Reference   Reference  
Bed net use   
No 10 4 (40.00) Reference   Reference  
Yes 403 77 (19.11) 0.35 (0.10, 1.28) 0.115 0.28 (0.07, 1.10) 0.067
SP receipt       
<3 doses 405 84 (20.74) - - - -
≥3 doses 26 0 (0.00)     
  1. HC = health centre; RDT = rapid diagnostic test, MIP = malaria in pregnancy, OR = odds ratio, 95% CI = 95% confidence interval, SP = sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine; Significant p-values are presented in bold.