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Table 6 Weighted proportions of individuals having received information, education and communication messages about malaria by sociodemographic characteristics

From: Nationwide evaluation of malaria infections, morbidity, mortality, and coverage of malaria control interventions in Madagascar

Variable Category Weighted N Radio Posters Television Information meetings Documents/articles MVU Others (hiragasy,…)
Age category 15-19 years 1,484 25.8 [21.0-30.6] 15.9 [11.2-20.5] 10.0 [6.9-13.2] 2.7 [1.7-3.8] 4.6 [2.8-6.5] 3.2 [1.8-4.5] 0.7 [0.2-1.2]
20-39 years 4,016 38.0 [33.5-42.6] 20.6 [14.9-26.3] 13.6 [9.7-17.6] 6.4 [4.7-8.1] 3.1 [1.9-4.2] 2.6 [1.5-3.8] 1.4 [0.6-2.2]
≥40 years 2,929 41.4 [35.6-47.2] 20.1 [13.9-26.3] 14.8 [9.8-19.9] 7.3 [5.6-9.0] 3.5 [2.4-4.7] 1.7 [1.0-2.4] 1.6 [0.6-2.6]
Sex Male 4,119 38.7 [33.3-44.1] 20.1 [14.8-25.4] 13.1 [9.2-17.0] 4.5 [3.3-5.8] 4.0 [2.7-5.4] 2.9 [1.8-4.0] 1.2 [0.6-1.8]
Female 4,311 35.5 [30.9-40.1] 19.1 [13.4-24.8] 13.7 [9.5-18.0] 7.5 [5.8-9.3] 3.0 [2.1-3.9] 1.9 [0.9-2.8] 1.5 [0.7-2.3]
SES quintiles 1st (poorest) 1,179 24.7 [19.4-30.0] 12.3 [7.5-17.2] 1.0 [0.4-1.7] 7.5 [5.2-9.8] 0.5 [0.1-0.9] 1.2 [0.0-2.5] 0.4 [0.0-0.8]
2nd 1,319 30.6 [25.4-35.7] 14.2 [10.3-18.1] 1.5 [0.8-2.2] 6.6 [4.3-8.9] 2.2 [1.0-3.3] 0.8 [0.1-1.5] 0.9 [0.0-1.8]
3rd 1,817 40.0 [34.8-45.2] 21.1 [14.7-27.5] 4.2 [2.6-5.8] 7.2 [5.4-9.1] 3.5 [2.1-4.9] 1.6 [0.7-2.5] 1.4 [0.4-2.4]
4th 1,857 42.5 [36.1-48.9] 23.9 [14.5-33.3] 13.9 [10.4-17.5] 6.0 [3.9-8.1] 4.3 [2.8-5.8] 3.9 [1.9-5.9] 2.5 [0.8-4.2]
5th (wealthiest) 2,257 40.5 [29.2-51.8] 21.7 [11.0-32.4] 33.9 [31.0-36.8] 4.2 [2.5-5.8] 5.2 [2.7-7.7] 3.3 [1.5-5.1] 1.2 [0.1-2.2]
Level of education Unknown 22 17.3 [0.0-36.6] 12.4 [0.0-31.0] 12.8 [0.0-31.6] 8.5 [0.0-18.6] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.0 [0.0-0.0]
None 1,033 22.6 [17.3-27.8] 5.8 [3.2-8.4] 2.2 [0.8-3.7] 5.6 [3.3-7.8] 0.0 [0.0-0.0] 0.4 [0.0-0.7] 0.5 [0.0-1.0]
Primary 3,395 33.1 [29.4-36.7] 14.6 [11.0-18.3] 6.2 [3.9-8.4] 5.3 [4.1-6.5] 1.5 [0.8-2.1] 1.3 [0.6-2.0] 1.3 [0.6-2.1]
Lower secondary 2,492 39.2 [32.9-45.5] 22.8 [15.5-30.1] 17.3 [13.1-21.4] 7.3 [4.8-9.9] 5.2 [3.7-6.6] 2.9 [1.4-4.4] 1.4 [0.4-2.5]
Upper secondary 1,093 52.2 [43.9-60.5] 33.5 [21.5-45.5] 26.3 [21.9-30.6] 4.9 [2.9-6.9] 6.8 [4.2-9.5] 4.8 [2.6-6.9] 2.1 [0.7-3.4]
Tertiary 394 54.9 [40.3-69.5] 39.9 [19.7-60.1] 45.6 [37.9-53.3] 9.2 [5.2-13.3] 10.8 [3.9-17.7] 6.8 [0.0-13.7] 1.4 [0.0-2.7]
Transmission pattern East 2,396 36.7 [28.9-44.5] 16.9 [10.5-23.3] 12.2 [6.4-17.9] 6.5 [4.8-8.3] 3.0 [1.7-4.4] 3.2 [0.7-5.7] 1.5 [0.3-2.7]
West 1,746 38.4 [34.3-42.6] 20.1 [15.8-24.4] 14.6 [8.9-20.4] 5.6 [4.3-7.0] 3.8 [2.4-5.2] 3.1 [1.8-4.4] 0.7 [0.3-1.1]
South 332 11.7 [0.6-22.8] 4.5 [0.3-8.8] 1.7 [0.0-3.7] 13.0 [7.7-18.2] 1.1 [0.0-2.4] 1.0 [0.0-2.1] 0.2 [0.0-0.6]
Fringe 1,076 41.1 [33.4-48.8] 20.1 [13.7-26.4] 8.6 [2.3-14.8] 8.8 [5.8-11.7] 2.9 [1.3-4.5] 2.1 [0.3-4.0] 1.9 [0.1-3.6]
Highlands 2,880 38.0 [26.9-49.1] 23.1 [8.5-37.6] 16.9 [8.0-25.8] 4.2 [1.4-6.9] 4.2 [1.7-6.7] 1.5 [0.2-2.9] 1.6 [0.0-3.2]
Population density Low 4,838 38.4 [33.1-43.7] 20.9 [15.2-26.7] 7.6 [3.3-11.9] 6.9 [5.4-8.5] 3.7 [2.3-5.2] 1.6 [0.8-2.4] 1.1 [0.5-1.7]
Intermediate 2,223 41.1 [35.3-47.0] 23.7 [15.1-32.4] 18.1 [13.4-22.9] 6.1 [3.9-8.3] 3.5 [2.1-4.9] 3.9 [1.1-6.6] 2.3 [0.9-3.7]
High 1,368 25.7 [18.9-32.5] 8.0 [4.2-11.8] 26.3 [23.5-29.2] 3.0 [1.0-4.9] 2.8 [0.9-4.7] 2.8 [1.6-3.9] 0.6 [0.0-1.6]
  1. Total weighted numbers of individuals ≥15 years old and proportions having received IEC messages about malaria, per media and per sociodemographic characteristics.