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Table 3 Predictors of correct malaria treatment, among patients with confirmed malaria (N = 629)

From: Patient-, health worker-, and health facility-level determinants of correct malaria case management at publicly funded health facilities in Malawi: results from a nationally representative health facility survey

   Unadjusted prevalence ratio Confidence interval p-value Adjusted prevalence ratio Confidence interval p-value
Patient Male sex 1.05 [0.93, 1.17] 0.531    
Spontaneous complaint to provider of:       
  Fever 2.03 [1.44, 2.85] <0.0001 1.72 [1.30, 2.29] <0.0001
  Cough 0.74 [0.60, 0.92] <0.0001 0.73 [0.61, 0.88] 0.001
  Vomiting 1.23 [1.08, 1.41] <0.0001 1.03 [0.89, 1.20] 0.663
  Chills 1.32 [1.10, 1.60] <0.0001 1.30 [1.07, 1.58] 0.008
  Fatigue 0.29 [0.07, 1.29] 0.104    
Age <5 years 1.18 [0.98, 1.43] 0.085 1.08 [0.91, 1.28] 0.374
High temperature (≥37.5°C) according to exit interview 1.48 [1.23, 1.78] <0.0001 1.33 [1.19, 1.50] <0.0001
Health provider Female health worker 1.28 [1.04, 1.59] 0.022 1.23 [0.97, 1.55] 0.084
Type of clinician       
  Medical officer/doctor/clinical officer [Reference] [Reference] [Reference] [Reference] [Reference] [Reference]
  Medical assistant 1.97 [1.26, 3.10] 0.004 1.54 [1.02, 2.31] 0.039
  Nurse 1.90 [1.16, 3.12] 0.012 1.18 [0.72, 1.92] 0.503
Copy of current malaria treatment guidelines 0.82 [0.65, 1.03] 0.084 0.87 [0.73, 1.04] 0.130
Malaria-specific training 1.00 [0.74, 1.35] 0.990    
Supervision in previous 6 months 0.79 [0.63, 0.99] 0.042 1.10 [0.85, 1.43] 0.446
Health facility Type of facility       
  District hospital [Reference] [Reference] [Reference]    
  Health centre 1.27 [0.86, 1.87] 0.225    
  Community hospital 1.03 [0.53, 1.99] 0.938    
AL in stock for full day 0.94 [0.71, 1.24] 0.660    
Thermometer present 1.03 [0.75, 1.43] 0.841    
Functional microscopy 0.93 [0.68, 1.25] 0.615    
CHAM-operated facility 1.13 [0.92, 1.37] 0.235    
Region Region       
  Northern [Reference] [Reference] [Reference]    
  Central 0.98 [0.74, 1.31] 0.898    
    Southern 0.91 [0.70, 1.18] 0.472