Skip to main content

Table 3 Results from multivariate regression models on Plasmodium falciparum infection status and parasitaemia with covariates self-reported and clinical morbidity

From: Disparities of Plasmodium falciparum infection, malaria-related morbidity and access to malaria prevention and treatment among school-aged children: a national cross-sectional survey in Côte d’Ivoire

  P. falciparuminfection status P. falciparumparasitaemia (parasites/μl of blood)
  Logistic regression model Logistic regression model with random effect Negative binomial regression model Negative binomial regression model with random effect
  Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted OR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted IRR (95% CI) p-value Adjusted IRR (95% CI) p-value
Self, reported morbidity/disease         
 Headache 1.15 (0.99, 1.33) 0.077 1.09 (0.93, 1.28) 0.300 1.13 (0.97, 1.33) 0.124 1.06 (0.98, 1.14) 0.136
 Hot body 1.00 (0.86, 1.18) 0.953 0.96 (0.81, 1.32) 0.622 1.36 (1.15, 1.61) <0.001* 1.01 (0.94, 1.10) 0.758
 Abdominal pain 1.14 (0.99, 1.32) 0.078 1.10 (0.95, 1.28) 0.216 0.93 (0.80, 1.09) 0.401 1.07 (1.00, 1.16) 0.053
 Vomiting 1.25 (1.07, 1.45) 0.004* 1.30 (1.11, 1.52) 0.001* 1.24 (1.05, 1.45) 0.010* 1.16 (1.08, 1.25) <0.001*
 Fatigue 1.00 (0.87, 1.16) 0.952 1.01 (0.87, 1.18) 0.854 0.90 (0.78, 1.05) 0.185 1.01 (0.94, 1.08) 0.855
 Loss of appetite 0.96 (0.83, 1.12) 0.608 0.95 (0.81, 1.12) 0.540 0.85 (0.73, 1.00) 0.046* 0.96 (0.89, 1.03) 0.245
 Malaria 0.82 (0.70, 0.95) 0.011* 0.80 (0.67, 0.94) 0.008* 1.00 (0.85, 1.18) 0.984 0.89 (0.82, 0.96) 0.004*
Clinical morbidity         
 Fever 1.04 (0.61, 1.79) 0.881 1.03 (0.58, 1.82) 0.928 3.31 (1.88, 5.81) <0.001* 1.35 (1.05, 1.73) 0.020*
 Anaemia 1.55 (1.34, 1.80) <0.001* 1.64 (1.40, 1.93) <0.001* 1.36 (1.17, 1.58) <0.001* 1.24 (1.16, 1.33) <0.001*
  1. *Statistically significant (p <0.05).
  2. OR: odds ratio.
  3. IRR: incidence rate ratio.
  4. Models were adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status and setting.