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Table 1 Characteristics of sampled households, by community (N = 184)

From: Malaria and anaemia among children in two communities of Kumasi, Ghana: a cross-sectional survey

  Manhyia (n = 97) Moshie Zongo (n = 87) p-value1
Caregiver education ≥ middle school, n (%) 75 (77.3%) 28 (32.2%) < 0.001***
Ethnicity Northerner/Immigrant, n (%) 18 (18.6%) 65 (74.7%) < 0.001***
Socioeconomic score, mean (standard deviation)2 2.07 (0.73) 1.25 (0.70) < 0.001***
House without ceiling, n (%) 5 (5.2%) 17 (19.5%) 0.003**
Number of people per sleeping room, median (range) 4 (2,9) 5 (1,11) 0.020*
Reported use of mosquito repellents/coils/spray, n (%) 63 (64.9%) 67 (77.0%) 0.073
Reported use of bednet, n (%) 15 (15.5%) 21 (24.1%) 0.139
Reported use of housescreens, n (%) 11 (11.3%) 4 (4.6%) 0.095
Metres to nearest health facility, median (range) 131 (26,345) 237 (74,436) < 0.001***
Metres to nearest government hospital, median (range) 730 (241,990) 2344 (1958,2550) < 0.001***
  1. 1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. 2. Calculated with World Bank asset scores for Ghana [12]