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Table 1 Responses of the Kalajatha events performed in December 2001

From: A community-based health education programme for bio-environmental control of malaria through folk theatre (Kalajatha) in rural India

   Respondents  
S. No Questionnaires Exposed Non-exposed P
1 Any new learning 17 children and102 adults responded that they had learnt new information about malaria None responded correctly < 0.001a
2 Signs and symptoms of malaria 6 children and 93 adults could describe the three stages of malaria; chill, fever and sweat None could tell correctly < 0.001a
3 Knowledge of malaria transmission 9 children and 57 adults specified correctly Only 4 school children < 0.001b
4 Name of the malaria vectors 11 children and 61 adults. Children clearly specified female Anopheles mosquito Only 4 school children < 0.001b
5 Breeding grounds of malaria vectors 19 children and 102 adults clearly specified clear water sources 3 children and 10 adults specified clear water < 0.001b
6 Larvivorous fish in malaria control 19 children and137 adults clearly specified Only 13 adults specified < 0.001b
7 Names of larvivorous fish 8 children and 18 adults correctly responded None responded < 0.001a
8 Any physical improvement/changes after the events All responded positively to change in their attitude towards cleanliness and hygiene. However, no change in practice was observed Negative response  
  1. a Fisher Exact test; b Chi-square test; % Effectiveness could not be found due to some responses were 0 (none) in the non-exposed respondents.