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Table 1 Parasitaemia rates and relative odds with 95% confidence intervals.

From: Literacy and recent history of diarrhoea are predictive of Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia in Kenyan adults

Characteristic n Parasitemia rate Unadjusted RO Adjusted RO*
District     
   Samburu 238 1.7% Reference  
   Malindi 442 7.2% 4.57 (1.59 – 13.07) 4.03 (1.35 – 12.02)
   Busia 461 22.3% 16.83 (6.12 – 46.32) 14.41 (5.04 – 41.21)
Age     
   18 – 25 266 13.2% Reference  
   26 – 35 286 12.6% 0.95 (0.58 – 1.56)  
   36 – 45 219 12.3% 0.93 (0.54 – 1.59)  
   46+ 370 11.1% 0.82 (0.51 – 1.33)  
Sex     
   Female 731 11.5% Reference  
   Male 408 13.2% 1.17 (0.82 – 1.69)  
Literacy     
   Illiterate 492 6.9% Reference  
   Literate 322 13.7% 2.13 (1.33 – 3.42) 1.78 (1.08 – 2.92)
Occupation     
   Other 458 12.8% Reference  
   Agriculture 585 14.4% 1.15 (0.77 – 1.70)  
   Home Duties 167 2.4% 0.17 (0.06 – 0.48) 0.76 (0.44 – 1.31)
Illness in Past 3 Months     
   Other 789 10.5% Reference  
   Diarrhoea 45 25.9% 2.97 (1.22 – 7.24) 2.31 (0.94 – 5.68)
   Malaria 307 15.3% 1.49 (1.00 – 2.20) 1.06 (0.61 – 1.84)
Antimalarial Use Past 4 Weeks     
   Not Used 954 11.9% Reference  
   Used 187 13.3% 1.14 (0.71 – 1.81)  
  1. * Modeled relative odds in logistic regression model.